Shaping the Estonian: National Identity in Films, Arts and Song

  • Alexandra Yatsyk


The chapter seeks to uncover how Estonia after the 1990s defines itself through films, contemporary art and the Song and Dance Festival. I particularly focus on these three spheres of national cultural production as containing different but meaningful narratives of Estonianness, created within society and by discourses that are both hegemonic and critical. Arguably, none of the areas is homogeneous, and they have been transformed in the past two decades. What is more or less common in these understandings of the nature of Estonian nationalism is the grounding in the experience of “triple colonisation” (Baltic German, Tsarist Russian, and Soviet) (Peiker 2016, 114). It is a variety of interpretations of the Soviet past and relations with the Russophone population that continues to be an unalterable “stumbling stone” for both types of discourse, uncovering their inner ruptures and challenging their consistency.


Baltic State Soviet Time Russian Speaker Refugee Crisis Mainstream Discourse 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandra Yatsyk
    • 1
  1. 1.University of UppsalaUppsalaSweden

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