(Re)drawing Boundaries: Russia and the Baltic States

  • Elizaveta Gaufman


The three Baltic countries—Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia—share a difficult history with Russia. Once a part of the Russian Empire and Prussia, they also enjoyed a period of independence and were later integrated within the Soviet Union. These sutures turned out to be rather unstable, as the Soviet Union disintegrated, following which the three republics sought independence. By becoming members of the EU and joining NATO, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia have drawn a geopolitical and a cultural boundary with Russia that has been reified both from the Russian and the European sides. In other words, the new identities not only help delimit the representations of self, but also construct national interest (cf. Hopf 2012), essential for foreign policy.


Collective Memory Baltic State Baltic Country Existential Threat Soviet Citizen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizaveta Gaufman
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TübingenTübingenGermany

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