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Open Archives to Close the Past: Bulgarian Archival Disclosure on the Road to European Union Accession

  • Niké Wentholt
Chapter

Abstract

The Bulgarian archival law was adopted a few weeks before Bulgaria entered the European Union (EU) on the first of January 2007. The chapter investigates the dynamics between the domestic political debate on disclosure of the former communist state security files and EU accession. Paying attention to the EU’s normative status and discourse, it is argued that the prospect of a future in the European Union created a momentum that was actively used by individual actors within the European Union and Bulgaria. On the basis of political party and parliamentary accounts as well as EU documents, this chapter analyzes how this international context interacted with long-existing domestic political strategies pro and con archival disclosure.

Keywords

Archival disclosure European union Bulgaria (post-)communism Political parties 

Abbreviations

EU

European Union

EP

European Parliament

EC

European Commission

EPP

European People’s Party

DS

Dŭrzhavna Sigurnost (State security apparatus of the Bulgarian Communist Party)

DSB

Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria (Demokratni za Silna Bŭlgaria)

BSP

Bulgarian Socialist Party (Bŭlgarskata Sotsialisticheska Partiya)

UDF

Union of Democratic Forces (Sŭyuzŭt na Demokratichnite Sili)

NMSS

National Movement of Simeon II (Natsionalno Dvizhenie Simeon Vtori)

MRF

Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Dvizhenie za Prava i Svobodi)

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niké Wentholt
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GroningenGroningenNetherlands

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