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State Authority and Historical Research: Institutional Settings and Trends Since 1945

  • Lutz Raphael
Chapter

Abstract

Starting from the nineteenth century three models have shaped the strong ties between state power and historical knowledge production: the state-centered model where academic institutions and professional historians are part of the public service, the liberal-societal setting where universities and academic institutions and their personnel are partly run by private agencies but often cofinanced by the state and the Soviet model of state-controlled historical research under direct ideological control of the party. All three models expanded after 1945 in the context of decolonization and cold war globally. After 1990 both the socialist model and the state-centered model ran into crises, and a new kind of public interventionism has developed worldwide where governments, NGOs, and international private agencies sponsor historical research and public history initiatives.

Keywords

Historical research State authority Nation-building Contemporary history Marxism 

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Recommended Readings

  1. Berger, S. and Conrad, C. (2015) The past as history. National identity and historical consciousness in Modern Europe. Writing the nation (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  2. Dumoulin, O. (2003) Le role social de l’historien. De la chaire au prétoire (Paris: Albin Michel).Google Scholar
  3. Lingelbach, G. (2003) Klio macht Karriere. Die Institutionalisierung der Geschichtswissenschaft in Frankreich und den USA in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht).Google Scholar
  4. Macintyre, S., Maiguashca, J. and Pók, A. (eds.) (2011) The Oxford history of historical writing. Volume 4: 1800–1945 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  5. Porciani, I. and Raphael, L. (eds.) (2010) Atlas of European Historiography: The Making of a Profession 1800–2005 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  6. Porciani, I. and Tollebeek, J. (eds.) (2012) Setting the standards. Institutions, networks and communities of national historiography (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  7. Raphael, L. (2012) La ciencia histórica en la era de los extremos. Teorías, métodos y tendencias desde 1900 hasta la actualidad (Zaragoza: Institución ‘Fernando el Católico’).Google Scholar
  8. Schneider, A. and Woolf, D. (eds.) (2011) The Oxford History of Historical Writing. Volume 5: Historical Writing since 1945 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  9. Tyrrell, I. (2005) Historians in Public. The Practice of American History, 1890–1970 (Chicago: Chicago University Press).Google Scholar
  10. Zala, S. (2001) Geschichte unter der Schere politischer Zensur. Amtliche Aktensammlungen im internationalen Vergleich (München: Oldenbourg Verlag).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lutz Raphael
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TrierTrierGermany

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