L’Unité de l’Europe est à ce prix: The Struggle Between CORSID’s Successors and the Creation of the ECSC
This chapter examines the disagreements between the successors of Vichy’s Organisation Committee for Steel (CORSID): the employers’ association for steel (CSSF) and the Modernisation Commission for Steel, which was part of the Monnet Plan. While they managed to find common ground concerning the modernisation of the French steel industry under the Monnet Plan, the Schuman Plan to pool French and German coal and steel provoked a protracted clash. Jean Monnet and his collaborators succeeded in overcoming the resistance of steel industrialists by resorting to unscrupulous methods. This chapter also reveals that nearly all French industrialists associated with the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) had deep ties to the Vichy regime.