Twixt the Cup and the Lip: Building the New Industrial Order, 1940–1941
This chapter considers the individuals chosen to run Vichy’s powerful Organisation Committees. These bodies were originally meant to be tripartite and to include worker representation, but in reality they were run exclusively by employers. The selection of industrialists to run the Committees marked a significant change, as dominant pre-war owner-presidents like François de Wendel were replaced by managerial technicians from the industry. The dissolution of pre-war employers’ associations and the creation of the Organisation Committees was thus a turning point in French industrial reorganisation with far-reaching consequences.