France’s New Industrial Order: Reorganising Industrial Production After the Fall of France
This chapter examines the reorganisation of French industry immediately following the Fall of France. The Vichy regime created new institutions, called Organisation Committees, to oversee production and which were inspired by the analogous institutions that existed in Nazi Germany. While some have argued that the creation of these institutions was a defiant act that angered the German authorities, in reality Nazi officials approved nearly every element of Vichy’s New Industrial Order before the Committees were officially created. Moreover, the new bodies were intended to contribute to the New Economic Order in Europe outlined by the Nazi Economics Minister, Walther Funk, in July 1940.