Baiocchi, D. (2013). Measuring army deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation.
Belasco, A. (2009). Troop levels in the Afghan and Iraq Wars, FY2001–FY2012: Cost and other potential issues. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, The Library of Congress.
Boot, M. (2005). The struggle to transform the military. Foreign Affairs, 84(2), 103–118.
Brissett, W. (2017, June). Air Force world. Air Force Magazine, 24–28.
Brown, M. E. (1992). Flying blind: The politics of the U.S. strategic bomber program. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2018). Military careers. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor.
Chiarelli, P. W., & Gagnon, R. C. (1985). The politics of military reform. Newport: Center for Naval Warfare Studies, Naval War College.
Clark, A. A. (Ed.). (1984). The defense reform debate: Issues and analysis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Clark, A. A. (1989). The role of technology in U.S. national security: An introduction. In A. A. Clark & J. F. Lilley (Eds.), Defense technology (pp. 3–20). New York: Praeger.
Clark, A. A., & Lilley, J. F. (Eds.). (1989). Defense technology. New York: Praeger.
Congress of the United States: Congressional Budget Office. (2007). Some implications of increasing U.S. forces in Iraq. Washington, DC: Congress of the United States Congressional Budget Office.
Defense Manpower Data Center. (2018). Number of military and DoD appropriated fund (APF) civilian personnel permanently assigned by duty location and service/component (as of March 31, 2018). Alexandria: Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense.
Defense spending in a time of austerity. (2010, August 26). The Economist, pp. 20–22.
Freedberg, S. J., Jr. (2017a, November 2). Collisions study shows Navy needs better training, more ships: CNO.
Freedberg, S. J., Jr. (2017b, August 11). Marines order stand-downs after crash deaths: What’s wrong?
Freedberg, S. J., Jr. (2018a, January 4). 2018 forecast: Can the Navy say no?
Freedberg, S. J., Jr. (2018b, February 14). Manpower, parts shortages would hinder Navy in wartime.
Gansler, J. S. (1989). Managing defense technology: Problems and needed changes. In A. A. Clark & J. F. Lilley (Eds.), Defense technology (pp. 205–228). New York: Praeger.
Gray, C. S. (1989). U.S. strategic culture: Implications for defense technology. In A. A. Clark & J. F. Lilley (Eds.), Defense technology (pp. 31–48). New York: Praeger.
Gregory, W. H. (1989). The defense procurement mess. Lexington: Lexington Books.
Haddick, R. (2009, October 23). This week at war: General Casey’s doubts.
Hammond, G. T. (2001). The mind of war: John Boyd and American security. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Hart, G. (1986, May 13). An agenda for more military reform. The New York Times, p. 31.
Isenberg, D. (2007). Budgeting for empire: The effect of Iraq and Afghanistan on military forces, budgets, and plans. Oakland: The Independent Institute.
Kagan, F. W. (2006). The U.S. military’s manpower crisis. Foreign Affairs, 85(4), 97–110.
Kaplan, R. D. (2009). Center stage for the twenty-first century. Foreign Affairs, 88(2), 16–32.
Kennedy, P. M. (1987). The rise and fall of the great powers: Economic change and military conflict from 1500 to 2000 (1st ed.). New York: Random House.
Korb, L. J., & Ogden, P. (2006). The Army you have. Foreign Affairs, 85(6), 153–156.
Kraska, J., & Wilson, B. (2009). Somali piracy: A nasty problem, a web of responses. Current History, 108(718), 227–231.
Kummer, L. (2014, December 8). The battle that mattered most to America: The Pentagon vs. Military Reformers. It’s over. Fabius Maximus. https://fabiusmaximus.com/2014/12/08/war-military-reform-wot-defeat-74251/. Accessed 30 Aug 2018.
Lanchester, F. W. (1916). Aircraft in warfare, the dawn of the fourth arm. London: Constable and company limited.
Lewis, A. R. (2012). The American culture of war: The history of U.S. military force from world war II to operation enduring freedom (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
Losey, S. (2017, April 2). Growing readiness woes: Only 7 in 10 Air Force planes are ready to fly. Air Force Times. https://www.airforcetimes.com/news/your-air-force/2017/04/02/growing-readiness-woes-only-7-in-10-air-force-planes-are-ready-to-fly/
Luttwak, E. N. (1981). Effectiveness or mere efficiency: Some reflections. In J. G. Barlow (Ed.), Reforming the military (pp. 1–4). Washington, DC: Heritage Foundation.
Lyall, J., & Wilson, I. (2009). Rage against the machines: Explaining outcomes in counterinsurgency wars. International Organization, 63(1), 67–106.
McGrath, J. J. (2007). The other end of the spear: The tooth-to-tail ratio (T3R) in modern military operations, Long War Series Occasional Paper (Vol. 23). Fort Leavenworth: Combat Studies Institute Press.
McNaugher, T. L. (1989). New weapons, old politics: America’s military procurement muddle. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
No stopping them. (2011, February 5). The Economist, pp. 69–71.
O’Hanlon, M. (2004). The need to increase the size of the deployable army. Parameters, 34(3), 4–17.
Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller). (2017). National defense budget estimates for FY2018. Washington, DC: Department of Defense.
Perry, W. J. (1984). Defense reform and the quantity-quality quandry. In A. A. Clark (Ed.), The defense reform debate: Issues and analysis (pp. 182–192). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Pyles, R. A., & Shulman, H. L. (1995). United States Air Force fighter support in Operation Desert Storm. Santa Monica: RAND.
Record, J. (1983). The military reform caucus. Washington Quarterly, 6(2), 125–129. https://doi.org/10.1080/01636608309450797.
Record, J. (2003). Bounding the global war on terrorism. Carlisle: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College.
Richter, P. (1999, April 14). As campaign intensifies, U.S. feels strain. Los Angeles Times, p. 1. http://articles.latimes.com/1999/apr/14/news/mn-27354
Ruehrmund, J. C., Jr., & Bowie, C. J. (2010). Arsenal of airpower: USAF aircraft inventory 1950–2000. Arlington: Mitchell Institute for Airpower Studies, Air Force Association.
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database. (2017). https://www.sipri.org/databases/milex. Accessed 15 Feb 2016.
Stevenson, J. P. (1993). The Pentagon paradox: The development of the F-18 Hornet. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.
Suddarth, S. C. (2002). Solving the great Air Force systems irony. Aerospace Power Journal, 16(1), 6–18.
The Editorial Board. (2017, October 23). America’s forever wars. The New York Times, p. A20.
Total available active military manpower by country. (2018). https://www.globalfirepower.com/active-military-manpower.asp. Accessed 31 May 2018.
United States Congress: Senate Committee on Armed Services: Subcommittee on Manpower and Personnel. (1981). Impact of technology on military manpower requirements, readiness, and operations: Hearing before the subcommittee on manpower and personnel of the committee on armed services, United States Senate, ninety-sixth congress, second session, December 4, 1980. Washington, DC: U.S. G.P.O.
Ward, D. (2009). Call me Sisyphus. Defense AT&L, 38(1), 21–24.
Wilson, I., III. (2013). The true tragedy of American power. Parameters, 43(4), 15–26.