Nobody's Law pp 109-129 | Cite as

Contractors and Competition Law

Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Socio-Legal Studies book series (PSLS)

Abstract

The second case study examines the way in which contractors in the Dutch construction industry move away from competition law and EU antitrust regulations. Most data from this case are drawn from public hearings with contractors in a parliamentary enquiry which showed a widespread use of cartels, aimed at price-fixing and market-allocation. The chapter shows that members of the Dutch construction industry feel disconnected from competition law, which leads to a process of legal alienation. Most contractors are ‘cynics’ (with some signs of ‘legal meaninglessness’ and ‘legal powerlessness’, but with a strong sense of ‘legal cynicism’), while some qualify as ‘outsiders’ (with strong feelings of ‘legal value isolation’).

Keywords

Construction industry Competition law Antitrust regulations Cartels Price-fixing 

References

  1. Brand, A., & Feenstra, P. (2002, November 30). Ik hou mijn mond niet. Trouw.Google Scholar
  2. Bremer, W., & Kok, K. (2000). The Dutch Construction Industry: A Combination of Competition and Corporatism. Building Research & Information, 28(2), 98–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Camps, H. (2002, August 20). Joop Jansen neemt afscheid van de bouwwereld. Elsevier.Google Scholar
  4. Dohmen, J., & Van der Steen, P. (2009, januari 29). NMa: fraude in bouw ook buiten Limburg. NRC Handelsblad.Google Scholar
  5. Dorée, A. (2004). Collusion in the Dutch Construction Industry: An Industrial Organization Perspective. Building Research & Information, 32(2), 146–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ewick, P., & Silbey, S. (1998). The Common Place of Law: Stories from Everyday Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  7. Foekema, H., & Nikkels, L. (2008). Cultuuromslag in de bouw. Amsterdam: TNS Nipo.Google Scholar
  8. Geis, G. (1995 [1967]). White Collar Crime: The Heavy Electrical Equipment Antitrust Cases of 1961. In J. McCord & J. Laub (Eds.), Contemporary Masters in Criminology (pp. 139–156). New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gibson, J., & Caldeira, G. (1996). The Legal Cultures of Europe. Law & Society Review, 30(1), 55–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Graafland, J. (2004). Collusion, Reputation Damage and Interest in Codes of Conduct: The Case of a Dutch Construction Company. Business Ethics: A European Review, 13(2–3), 127–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Graafland, J., & Van Liedekerke, L. (2011). Case Description: Construction Fraud. In W. Dubbink, et al. (Eds.), European Business Ethics Cases in Context (pp. 261–276). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gupta, S. (2001). The Effect of Bid-Rigging on Prices: A Study of Highway Construction Industry. Review of Industrial Organization, 19(2), 453–467.Google Scholar
  13. Hertogh, M. (2010). Crime and Custom in the Dutch Construction Industry. Legisprudence, 4(3), 307–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jaspers, J., & Van de Bunt, H. (2016). Kartels en georganiseerde criminaliteit. Hoe boven- en onderwereld elkaar ontmoeten. Cahiers Politiestudies, 2016–2(39), 59–71.Google Scholar
  15. Koenen, I. (2015). Prijsvechten: van bouwfraude tot uitverkoop. Cobouw.Google Scholar
  16. Lee, I., & Hahn, K. (2002). Bid-Rigging in Auctions for Korean Public-Works Contracts and Potential Damage. Review of Industrial Organisation, 21, 73–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Macaulay, S. (1963). Non-contractual Relations in Business: A Preliminary Study. American Sociological Review, 28(1), 55–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Macaulay, S. (1995). Crime and Custom in Business Society. Journal of Law and Society, 22(2), 248–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Malinowski, B. (1970 [1926]). Crime and Custom in Savage Society. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  20. McMillan, J. (1991). Dango: Japanese Price-Fixing Conspiracies. Economics and Politics, 3(3), 201–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Parker, C. (2013). The War on Cartels and the Social Meaning of Deterrence. Regulation and Governance, 7(2), 174–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. PEC (Parlementaire Enquête Commissie Bouwnijverheid). (2002a). De bouw uit de schaduw [Eindrapport]. Den Haag: SdU.Google Scholar
  23. PEC (Parlementaire Enquête Commissie Bouwnijverheid). (2002b). De bouw uit de schaduw [Verhoren]. Den Haag: SdU.Google Scholar
  24. Priemus, H. (2004). Dutch Contracting Fraud and Governance Issues. Building Research & Information, 32(4), 306–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sampson, R. J., & Jeglum Bartusch, D. (1998). Legal Cynicism and (Subcultural?) Tolerance of Deviance: The Neighborhood Context of Racial Differences. Law & Society Review, 32(4), 777–804.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sminia, H. (2011). Institutional Continuity and the Dutch Construction Industry Fiddle. Organization Studies, 32(11), 1559–1585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sokol, D. (2012). Cartels, Corporate Compliance, and What Practitioners Really Think About Enforcement. Antitrust Law Journal, 78, 201–240.Google Scholar
  28. Transparency International. (2005). Global Corruption Report: Corruption in the Construction and Post-conflict Reconstruction. London/Ann Arbor: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  29. Van Bergeijk, P. (2007). On the Allegedly Invisible Dutch Construction Sector Cartel. Journal of Competition Law and Economics, 4(1), 115–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Van de Bunt, H. (2008). Rekeningen verheffen in de bouw. Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, 50(2), 130–147.Google Scholar
  31. Van de Bunt, H. (2010). Walls of Secrecy and Silence. The Madoff Case and Cartels in the Construction Industry. Criminology & Public Policy, 9(3), 435–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Van den Heuvel, G. (2005). The Parliamentary Enquiry on Fraud in the Dutch Construction Industry Collusion as Concept Between Corruption and State-Corporate Crime. Crime, Law and Social Change, 44(2), 133–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Van Erp, J. (2008). Reputational Sanctions in Private and Public Regulation. Erasmus Law Review, 1(5), 145–161.Google Scholar
  34. Vulperhorst, L. (2005). Verzwegen onderneming: ondernemers, overheid en het einde van het bouwkartel (2001–2005). Amsterdam: Van Gennep.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Socio-Legal Studies, Faculty of LawUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations