• Erik Paul


Turning citizens into competing producers and consumers, a society of ‘losers’ and ‘winners’, results in a decline of trust in government and undermines social cohesion. Thus, nationalism and construction of enemies, and more broadly, the militarization of public life, become a necessity to maintain domestic order and consent for a US-led global ‘free trade’ economy, backed by military power. Internally, the politics of fear of and hatred for refugees has been mobilized in tandem with Islamophobia. Externally, the security state is engaged in a permanent ‘war on terror’ as part of the US military–industrial–surveillance complex and imperial project.


Militarization of public life Nationalism War on refugees Islamophobia Foreign policy US client state 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Paul
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Peace and Conflict StudiesUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

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