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Commodification

  • Erik Paul
Chapter
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Abstract

Violence is structured in the commodification of people and nature and the transformation of society into market relations, where people, things, and nature are transacted, bought, and sold, as commodities. Commodification processes include personal debt loading in the provision of education, the casualization of employment, and the destruction of solidarities in communities, unions, and public education. Commodification intensifies competition and exploitation and generates processes of victimization and construction of vulnerable groups, including women and children, the aged, and people with disabilities. Economic growth and degradation of the living environment make people sick. The capitalist process of wealth accumulation promotes unsustainable consumption and further damages the continent’s major ecosystems.

Keywords

Humans and nature as commodities Debt Casualization Society as market relations Victimization Costs of economic growth Destruction of human habitat 

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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Paul
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Peace and Conflict StudiesUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

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