Theoretical Overview: Comparative Media Studies and the Lebanese State



This chapter discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the work, which would inform the rest of the monograph. Previous attempts at comparative studies in the field of media and communications are assessed. In particular, the seminal work by Hallin and Mancini; their four dimensions of state role, political parallelism, professionalization and media market; and their three models—the Polarized Pluralist, the Democratic Corporatist and Liberal models—are critically assessed. In the second part of this chapter, El-Richani explains the social, political and historical context of Lebanon, as this has a direct impact on its media system. Relevant political concepts such as weak states and small states are also discussed.


Hallin and Mancini Comparing media systems State size Weak states Lebanon State role Political parallelism Professionalization and media market Polarized Pluralist model The Democratic Corporatist model Liberal model 


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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Visiting Fellow, Centre for Lebanese Studies Academic Visitor Middle East CentreSt. Antony’s College, University of OxfordOxfordUK

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