Turkey’s Role: Balancing the Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict and Turkish-Armenian Relations
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The Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict has been closely intertwined with the Turkish-Armenian relationship, and efforts to normalize the latter in 2009–10 failed largely because of the connection to Nagorno-Karabakh. Elements of Turkey’s relationship with Armenia are linked to the conflict, while others mostly derive from deep historical issues. The efforts by Western powers in 2009 to dismantle the linkage between the Turkish–Armenian relationship and the conflict were doomed largely because it tried to “lift” that relationship out from its regional context. The effects of this episode moved both Armenia and Azerbaijani in a more nationalist direction, while contributing to destabilizing the foreign policies of both countries.