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Table 1.1 Housing backlog and urbanization in Africa

From: The Housing Sector in Africa: Setting the Scene

Country Housing backloga Urbanization rate, 2000–2015b Urban share 2015 (percent)
Algeria 1,200,000 2.76 70.7
Angola 1,900,000 5.34 44.0
Benin 50,000 3.90 44.0
Botswana 0 1.56 57.4
Burkina Faso 100,000 6.33 29.9
Burundi 30,000 5.75 12.1
Cabo Verde 82,000 2.29 65.5
Cameroon 1,200,000 3.74 54.4
Central African Republic 1,000,000 2.26 40.0
Chad 200,000 3.54 22.5
Congo 140,000 3.40 65.4
Côte d'Ivoire 600,000 3.31 54.2
Democratic Republic of the Congo 3,000,000 4.05 42.5
Egypt 3,500,000 1.70 43.1
Ethiopia 1,000,000 4.55 19.5
Gabon 200,000 2.94 87.2
Ghana 1,700,000 3.78 54.0
Guinea 140,000 3.51 37.2
Kenya 2,000,000 4.36 25.6
Liberia 200,000 3.72 49.7
Libya 350,000 1.52 78.6
Madagascar 2,000,000 4.60 35.1
Malawi 100,000 3.55 16.3
Mali 400,000 5.35 39.9
Mauritania 50,000 4.03 59.9
Mauritius 20,000 -0.11 39.7
Morocco 600,000 1.92 60.2
Mozambique 2,000,000 3.31 32.2
Namibia 80,000 3.98 46.7
Niger 100,000 4.72 18.7
Nigeria 17,000,000 4.78 47.8
Rwanda 109,000 7.00 28.8
Senegal 125,000 3.32 43.7
Sierra Leone 166,000 3.58 39.9
South Africa 2,300,000 2.04 64.8
Swaziland 20,000 0.85 21.3
Tanzania 3,000,000 5.19 31.6
Togo 250,000 3.88 40.0
Tunisia 0 1.43 66.8
Uganda 1,600,000 5.27 16.1
Zambia 1,500,000 3.95 40.9
Zimbabwe 1,250,000 0.96 32.4
Africa 50,562,000 3.5 40.4
  1. aOnline sources, expert interviews
  2. bUnited Nations Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects, 2014 revision