Smart Cities in Japan and Their Application in Developing Countries

  • Noriko Kono
  • Aki Suwa
  • Sohail Ahmad
Chapter

Abstract

Smart city (hereinafter SC) development (i.e., smartization and improved efficiency in the management of utilities such as electricity, gas, water, waste, and transportation) presently represents one of the most prominent terms in city development. The concept is often understood to be a panacea for the pressing global issues and sources of inefficiency (e.g., growing energy consumption, scarce natural resources, waste management issues, rapid urbanization, industrial pollution, endangered biodiversity, and traffic problems). The concept has recently been discussed widely in developed countries within the context of green innovation, green economies, and the green new deal.

Keywords

Smart city Smart grid Microgrid Japan India Yokohama Urban planning Smartization IoT IoS ISO37120 ISO37156 EKC ZEB ZEH Slum Kerosene LPG Biofuel Grameen 

References

  1. Agrawal, M., and A. Mittal. 2011. Micro grid technological activities across the globe: A review. IJRRAS 7(2): 147–152.Google Scholar
  2. Goda and Morozumi. 2011. Smart grid textbook. Tokyo: InPress Japan (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  3. Asif, M., and D. Barua. 2011. Salient features of the Grameen Shakti renewable energy program. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15(2011): 5063–5067.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Batty, M., K.W. Axhausen, F. Giannotti, A. Pozdnoukhov, A. Bazzani, M. Wachowicz, G. Ouzounis, and Y. Portugali. 2012. Smart cities of the future. The European Physical Journal Special Topics 214(1): 481–518.Google Scholar
  5. Bhattacharyya, S.C. 2005. The electricity act 2003: Will it transform the Indian power sector? Utilities Policy 13(2005): 260–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Census-of-India. 2011. Provisional population totals. Paper 2 of 2011 India Series 1, Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Data Product No. 00-004-2011-Cen-Book(E).Google Scholar
  7. City of Yokohama. 2006. Yokohama Report 2006.Google Scholar
  8. da Costa. 2012. Indian villagers’ lives transformed by new energy delivery system. OurWorld 2.0. http://ourworld.unu.edu/en/indian-villagers-lives-transformed-by-new-energy-delivery-system
  9. Depuru, S.S.S.R., L. Wang, and V. Devabhaktuni. 2011. Electricity theft: Overview, issues, prevention and a smart meter based approach to control theft. Energy Policy 39(2011): 1007–1015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Desai, S., and R. Vanneman. 2009. National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi. India Human Development Survey (IHDS), 2005 [Computer file]. ICPSR22626-v5. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], pp. 06–22.Google Scholar
  11. Dhingra, C., S. Gandhi, A. Chaurey, and P.K. Agarwal. 2008. Access of clean energy services for the urban and per-urban poor: A case-study of Delhi, India. Energy for Sustainable Development 7(4): 49–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dubash, N.K., and D.N. Rao. 2008. Regulatory practice and politics: Lessons from independent regulation in Indian electricity. Utility Policy 16(2008): 321–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fukuchi, Manabu. 2011. Conditions on domestic/overseas smart cities. Chitekishisan Sozo 2011 May (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  14. Giffinger, Rudolf, Christian Fertner, Hans Kramar, Robert Kalasek, Nataša Pichler-Milanovic, and Evert Meijers. 2007. Smart cities - Ranking of European medium-sized cities. Vienna: Centre of Regional Science.Google Scholar
  15. Hernández-Muñoz, José M., Jesús Bernat Vercher, Luis Muñoz, José A. Galache, Mirko Presser, Luis A. Hernández Gómez, Jan Pettersson. 2011. Smart cities at the forefront of the future internet. From: Dominigue, J., et al. Future Internet. Assembly.Google Scholar
  16. Imura Hidefumi. 2004. Introductory chapter: Environment and development, Chapter 1: Environmental issues and developing countries. Series-Environment and Development-2 (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  17. IPCC. 2007. IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change Working Group III: Mitigation of Climate Change.Google Scholar
  18. Joseph, K.L. 2010. The politics of power: Electricity reform in India. Energy Policy 38(2010): 503–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kato, Toshiharu. 2010. Revolution in smart grid – Era of energy and web (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  20. Kono, Noriko. 2012. Smart cities in Yokohama in focus of compatibility of economy and ecology and its application to developing worlds. Yokohama Academic Foundation Research Funded Studies Report 2011. Yokohama: Yokohama Academic Foundation (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  21. Kono, Noriko, Aki Suwa, and Sohail Ahmed. 2012a. Smart cities in Japan and application to developing countries. Japan Society for International Development 2012 Spring Annual Meeting (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  22. Kono, Noriko, Aki Suwa, and Sohail Ahmed. 2012b. Smart cities in Japan and its application in developing countries. Conference Paper at EASOP 2012 in Ankara, Turkey.Google Scholar
  23. Kishida, Hiroshi, Morib Uduki. 2009. Project Management of Urban Planning-Yokohama MM21.Google Scholar
  24. Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry-METI. 2012. Creating new energy industry – Emerging big business following car manufacturing (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  25. Mochizuki, Yosuke 2012. Introduction to Smart City Buisness. Tokyo: Nikkei BP.Google Scholar
  26. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications-MIAC. 2015. Japan Smart City Portal 2015. Operational experiment and locations.Google Scholar
  27. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport-MLIT. 2014. EE rules for housing and buildings (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  28. Muller, O. Peter. 2004. Transportation and urban form. From Hanson Susan and Genevieve Giuliano. 2004. The Geography of Urban Transportation.Google Scholar
  29. NBO. 2007. Report of the Technical Group [11th Five Year Plan: 2007-12] on Estimation of Urban Housing Shortage. New Delhi, Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India.Google Scholar
  30. NBO. 2010. Report of the Committee on Slum Statistics/Census. New Delhi, Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India.Google Scholar
  31. Nikkei BP Smart Tech Institute. 2012. World smart cities comprehensive list 2012. Tokyo: Nikkei BP (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  32. NSSO. 2004. Housing condition in India, housing stocks and construction. Delhi, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India.Google Scholar
  33. NSSO. 2010a. Housing condition and amenities in India. Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India.Google Scholar
  34. NSSO. 2010b. Some characteristics of urban slums 2008-09. New Delhi, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India.Google Scholar
  35. Patent Agency of Japan. 2009, 2014. Patent Report.Google Scholar
  36. Planning-Commission. 2011. Press note on Poverty estimates. New Delhi, Planning Commission, Government of India.Google Scholar
  37. Reddy, B.S., and T. Srinivas. 2009. Energy use in Indian household sector – an actor-oriented approach. Energy 34(2009): 992–1002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sasaki, Keishin. 2012. Smart City Project: Total solution through B to B. Presentation at Smart Communities Week 2011 Presentation.Google Scholar
  39. Schwab Foundation. 2005. http://schwabfound.org
  40. Sharir, M., and M. Lerner. 2006. Gauging the success of social ventures initiated by individual social entrepreneurs. Journal of World Business 41(2006): 6–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Smart City Council. 2015. Dissecting ISO 37120: Why this new smart city standard is good news for cities. Google Scholar
  42. Suwa, Aki, R. Moreno-Perananda, and Noriko Kono. 2012. Japan country paper: A working paper submitted to the Ministry of Environment Japan as part of the United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies project report.Google Scholar
  43. Suzuki, Hiroaki, Arish Dastur, and Sebastian Moffatt. 2010. Eco2 cities: Ecological cities as economic cities. Washington, DC: World Bank Publication.Google Scholar
  44. Winther, T. 2012. Electricity theft as a relational issue: A comparative look at Zanzibar, Tanzania, and the Sunderban Islands, India. Energy for Sustainable Development 16(2012): 111–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yamamura, Shinji. 2014. How to make smart cities (smart city1 ha doutsukuru), Kosaku-sha (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  46. Zahra, S.A., E. Gedajlovic, D.O. Neubaum, and J.M. Shulman. 2009. A typology of social entrepreneurs: Motives, search processes and ethical challenges. Journal of Business Venturing 24(5): 519–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noriko Kono
    • 1
  • Aki Suwa
    • 2
  • Sohail Ahmad
    • 1
  1. 1.TokyoJapan
  2. 2.KyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations