Left’s Love and Hate for Europe: Syriza, Podemos and Critical Visions of Europe During the Crisis
The economic and financial crisis has particularly hit the European periphery. In the South, austerity policies imposed have provoked a strong wave of anti-austerity protests and dramatic rise of distrust towards national and European institutions. At the same time, new political actors, such as Syriza in Greece and Podemos in Spain rose in popularity disputing domestic and European political elites, while promising to deal with the critical situation of national economies while remaining within Europe. In this chapter, departing from a series of interviews with activists and party members we explore Syriza and Podemos’ ambivalent stance towards Europe: after examining the context within which these marginal political actors emerged, we study how the leftist parties framed European institutions and the European project.
KeywordsSyriza Podemos Left parties Euroscepticism Social movements Crisis
- Brack, N. and Startin, N. (2015) ‘Introduction: Euroscepticism, from the Margins to the Mainstream’, International Political Science Review 36(3), pp. 239–249.Google Scholar
- della Porta, D. and Caiani. M. (2009). Social Movements and Europeanization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- ———. 2013. Can Democracy Be Saved? Participation, Deliberation and Social Movements. Polity Press: Oxford.Google Scholar
- ———. 2015. Social Movements in Times of Austerity: Bringing Capitalism Back into Protest Analysis. Polity Press: Cambridge.Google Scholar
- della Porta, D., M. Andretta, L. Mosca, and H. Reiter. 2006. Globalization from Below. Transnational Activists and Protest Networks. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis.Google Scholar
- della Porta, D., J. Fernandez, H. Kouki, and L. Mosca. 2016. Movement Parties in Times of Crisis: Syriza, Podemos and 5Star Parties. London: Polity Press (forthcoming).Google Scholar
- Iglesias, P. (2015). ‘Spain on edge interview’, New Left Review, 93: 23–42.Google Scholar
- Katsampekis, G. 2015. The Rise of the Greek Radical Left to Power: Notes on Syriza’s Discourse and Strategy. Linea Sur 9: 152–161.Google Scholar
- Lindekilde, L. 2015. Discourse and Frame Analysis: In-Depth Analysis of Qualitative Data in Social Movement Studies. In Methodological Practices in Social Movement Research, ed. D. della Porta, 195–228. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Mair, P. 2011. Bini Smaghi vs. the Parties: Representative Government and Institutional Constraints, EUI Working Papers, RSCAS 2011/22. EUI: Florence.Google Scholar
- Ramiro, L., and R. Gómez Martinez. 2016. Radical Left Populism During the Great Recession: Podemos and Its Competition with the Established Radical Left. Political Studies. June 22, doi:10.1177/0032321716647400.Google Scholar
- Sánchez-Cuenca, I. (2000) ‘The Political Basis of Support for European Integration’, European Union Politics, 1(2): 147–171.Google Scholar
- Snow, A., and R.D. Benford. 1988. Ideology, Frame Resonance, and Participant Mobilization. In From Structure to Action: Comparing Social Movement Research Across Cultures, ed. B. Klandermans, H. Kriesi, and S. Tarrow, 197–217. Greenwich: JAI Press.Google Scholar
- Subirats, J. 2015. Todo se mueve. Acción colectiva, acción conectiva, Movimientos, partidos e instituciones. Revista Española de Sociología 24: 123–131.Google Scholar
- Syriza. 2012. Electoral Declaration. http://goo.gl/9gHXoM. Accessed 8 Apr 2016.
- ———. 2013. The Political Resolution of the Founding Congress of Syriza. http://www.syriza.gr/pdfs/politiki_apofasi_idrytikou_synedriou_syriza.pdf. Accessed 8 Apr 2016.
- Szerbiak, A., and P. Taggart. 2003. Theorising Party-Based Euroscepticism: Problems of Definition, Measurement and Causality, SEI Working Paper, No 69 European Parties Elections and Referendums Network Working Paper No 12. Sussex: Sussex European Institute.Google Scholar
- Teperoglou, E. 2016. The ‘Other’ National Elections: An Analysis of European Elections in Greece, 1981–2014. Athens: Papazisis in Greek.Google Scholar
- Teperoglou, E., and E. Tsatsanis. 2014. The Acceleration of a Slow Death: Political Identification and the End of Bipartisanship. In The Double Electoral Earthquake, ed. Y. Voulgaris and E. Nicolacopoulos, 33–60. Athens: Themelio (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Vázquez, R. 2012. The Spanish Party System and European Integration: A Consensual Europeanisation. In The Domestic Party Politics of Europeanisation, ECPR Series, ed. E. Kulahci. London: ECPR Press.Google Scholar