Advertisement

Left’s Love and Hate for Europe: Syriza, Podemos and Critical Visions of Europe During the Crisis

  • Donatella della PortaEmail author
  • Hara Kouki
  • Joseba Fernández
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology book series (PSEPS)

Abstract

The economic and financial crisis has particularly hit the European periphery. In the South, austerity policies imposed have provoked a strong wave of anti-austerity protests and dramatic rise of distrust towards national and European institutions. At the same time, new political actors, such as Syriza in Greece and Podemos in Spain rose in popularity disputing domestic and European political elites, while promising to deal with the critical situation of national economies while remaining within Europe. In this chapter, departing from a series of interviews with activists and party members we explore Syriza and Podemos’ ambivalent stance towards Europe: after examining the context within which these marginal political actors emerged, we study how the leftist parties framed European institutions and the European project.

Keywords

Syriza Podemos Left parties Euroscepticism Social movements Crisis 

Bibliography

  1. Agnantopoulos, A., and D. Lambiri. 2015. Variegated Capitalism, the Greek Crisis and SYRIZA’s Counter-Neoliberalisation Challenge. Geoforum 63: 5–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benedetto, G., and L. Quaglia. 2007. The Comparative Politics of Communist Euroscepticism in France, Italy and Spain. Party Politics 13(4): 478–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brack, N. and Startin, N. (2015) ‘Introduction: Euroscepticism, from the Margins to the Mainstream’, International Political Science Review 36(3), pp. 239–249.Google Scholar
  4. Clements, B., K. Nanou, and S. Verney. 2014. ‘We No Longer Love You, but We Don’t Want to Leave You’: The Eurozone Crisis and Popular Euroscepticism in Greece. Journal of European Integration 36(3): 247–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. della Porta, D. 2009. Democracy in Social Movements. Palgrave: London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. della Porta, D. and Caiani. M. (2009). Social Movements and Europeanization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. ———. 2013. Can Democracy Be Saved? Participation, Deliberation and Social Movements. Polity Press: Oxford.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 2015. Social Movements in Times of Austerity: Bringing Capitalism Back into Protest Analysis. Polity Press: Cambridge.Google Scholar
  9. della Porta, D., M. Andretta, L. Mosca, and H. Reiter. 2006. Globalization from Below. Transnational Activists and Protest Networks. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis.Google Scholar
  10. della Porta, D., J. Fernandez, H. Kouki, and L. Mosca. 2016. Movement Parties in Times of Crisis: Syriza, Podemos and 5Star Parties. London: Polity Press (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  11. Iglesias, P. (2015). ‘Spain on edge interview’, New Left Review, 93: 23–42.Google Scholar
  12. Jiménez, A.M., and A. Egea de Haro. 2011. Spain: Euroscepticism in a Pro-European Country? South European Society and Politics 16(1): 105–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kaldor, M., and S. Selchow. 2015. Subterranean Politics in Europe. Palgrave: London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Katsampekis, G. 2015. The Rise of the Greek Radical Left to Power: Notes on Syriza’s Discourse and Strategy. Linea Sur 9: 152–161.Google Scholar
  15. Kitschelt, H. 2006. Movement Parties. In Handbook of Party Politics, ed. R. Katz and W. Crotty, 278–291. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lindekilde, L. 2015. Discourse and Frame Analysis: In-Depth Analysis of Qualitative Data in Social Movement Studies. In Methodological Practices in Social Movement Research, ed. D. della Porta, 195–228. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Mair, P. 2011. Bini Smaghi vs. the Parties: Representative Government and Institutional Constraints, EUI Working Papers, RSCAS 2011/22. EUI: Florence.Google Scholar
  18. Panagyiotakis, M. 2015. The Radical Left in Greece. Socialism and Democracy 29(3): 25–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ramiro, L., and R. Gómez Martinez. 2016. Radical Left Populism During the Great Recession: Podemos and Its Competition with the Established Radical Left. Political Studies. June 22, doi:10.1177/0032321716647400.Google Scholar
  20. Sánchez-Cuenca, I. (2000) ‘The Political Basis of Support for European Integration’, European Union Politics, 1(2): 147–171.Google Scholar
  21. Snow, A., and R.D. Benford. 1988. Ideology, Frame Resonance, and Participant Mobilization. In From Structure to Action: Comparing Social Movement Research Across Cultures, ed. B. Klandermans, H. Kriesi, and S. Tarrow, 197–217. Greenwich: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  22. Subirats, J. 2015. Todo se mueve. Acción colectiva, acción conectiva, Movimientos, partidos e instituciones. Revista Española de Sociología 24: 123–131.Google Scholar
  23. Syriza. 2012. Electoral Declaration. http://goo.gl/9gHXoM. Accessed 8 Apr 2016.
  24. ———. 2013. The Political Resolution of the Founding Congress of Syriza. http://www.syriza.gr/pdfs/politiki_apofasi_idrytikou_synedriou_syriza.pdf. Accessed 8 Apr 2016.
  25. Szerbiak, A., and P. Taggart. 2003. Theorising Party-Based Euroscepticism: Problems of Definition, Measurement and Causality, SEI Working Paper, No 69 European Parties Elections and Referendums Network Working Paper No 12. Sussex: Sussex European Institute.Google Scholar
  26. Teperoglou, E. 2016. The ‘Other’ National Elections: An Analysis of European Elections in Greece, 1981–2014. Athens: Papazisis in Greek.Google Scholar
  27. Teperoglou, E., and E. Tsatsanis. 2014. The Acceleration of a Slow Death: Political Identification and the End of Bipartisanship. In The Double Electoral Earthquake, ed. Y. Voulgaris and E. Nicolacopoulos, 33–60. Athens: Themelio (in Greek).Google Scholar
  28. Triandafyllidou, A., R. Gropas, and H. Kouki. 2013. European Modernity and the Greek Crisis. Palgrave Macmillan: New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Vázquez, R. 2012. The Spanish Party System and European Integration: A Consensual Europeanisation. In The Domestic Party Politics of Europeanisation, ECPR Series, ed. E. Kulahci. London: ECPR Press.Google Scholar
  30. Vázquez, R., S. Delgado, and M. Jerez. 2010. Spanish Political Parties and the European Union: Analysis of Euromanifestos (1987–2004). Perspectives on European Politics and Society 11(2): 201–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Verney, S. 2015. Waking the ‘Sleeping Giant’ or Expressing Domestic Dissent? Mainstreaming Euroscepticism in Crisis-Stricken Greece. International Political Science Review 36(3): 279–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Xenakis, S., and L. Cheliotis. 2015. Anger Management and the Politics of Crime in the Greek Crisis. In The Politics of Extreme Austerity : Greece in the Eurozone Crisis, ed. G. Karyotis and R. Gerodimos, 142–159. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donatella della Porta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hara Kouki
    • 2
  • Joseba Fernández
    • 2
  1. 1.Scuola Normale SuperioreInstitute of Humanities and Social SciencesFirenzeItaly
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of Crete, Gallos CampusRethymnonGreece

Personalised recommendations