Advocacy Coalitions, the Media, and Hydraulic Fracturing in the Canadian Provinces of British Columbia and Quebec

  • Éric Montpetit
  • Erick Lachapelle
  • Alexandre Harvey


This chapter compares the politics of hydraulic fracturing in Quebec and British Columbia (BC), two provinces that best exemplify the east–west Canadian divide over shale gas development. While both provinces began authorizing hydraulically fractured wells between 2005 and 2007, BC has consistently supported the shale gas industry ever since, while Quebec abruptly adopted a moratorium in 2011. This chapter traces BC’s policy continuity to the stable coalition politics that endured throughout the period, while Quebec’s policy shift occurred in a period of coalition instability, during which government distanced itself from industry. This sudden change in coalition politics in Quebec coincides with a burst of negative media attention to shale gas development, which illustrates the role that the media can play in policy subsystems.


Hydraulic Fracture British Columbia Provincial Government Energy Information Administration Advocacy Coalition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors acknowledge the financial support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and they thank Ariane Marchand-Labelle, Marc Temblay-Faulkner, and Camille Dagenais for helpful research assistance.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Éric Montpetit
    • 1
  • Erick Lachapelle
    • 1
  • Alexandre Harvey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of MontrealMontrealCanada

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