Conclusion: The Opportunities and Challenges of Sustainable Economic Development

  • John Joshua


Since economic reforms were introduced in China in 1978, the country has experienced rapid economic growth and almost 480 million people have been able to leave poverty behind them. At the same time, however, the distribution of income has widened. Until the 11th Five-Year Plan, economic growth was regarded as paramount, regardless of the environmental costs. However, Chinese economic policies now attempt to create a xiaokang (a moderately prosperous society), leading towards a héxié shèhuì (a harmonious society) as well as to fulfil the zhōng guό mèng (the Chinese Dream). These are important goals and provide opportunities as well as challenges. How such policies are implemented will determine the outcomes.


Human Capital Social Justice Distributive Justice Environmental Kuznets Curve Social Harmony 
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© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Joshua
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarShun Cheng District, Fushun-CityChina

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