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Editors’ Introduction: Institutional Conditions for Progress and Renewal in Science

  • Thomas Heinze
  • Richard Münch
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology book series (PSHST)

Abstract

Innovations in science include not only the generation of new ideas, theories, methods, and instruments, but also the diffusion of novel scientific contributions and their institutionalization as new academic fields. We argue that scientific innovations vis-à-vis organizational renewal is contingent upon at least three institutional conditions: investments in exploration, facilitation of meso-level competition, and interdisciplinary research. Regarding one or more of these conditions, each chapter of this edited volume presents new and thought-provoking evidence that improves both our conceptual knowledge and empirical understanding of how new research fields form, how research organizations adapt to scientific innovations, and how research sponsors support new research domains while simultaneously providing continued support to established lines of disciplinary research.

Keywords

Scientific innovations Disciplinary diversity Organizational renewal Institutional change History of science Sociology of science National research system 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Several chapters in this volume were presented as papers at the “International Conference on Intellectual and Institutional Innovation in Science,” held at the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, September 13–15, 2012. We are very grateful to the conference committee members for reviewing papers; these include (in alphabetical order): Mats Benner, Dietmar Braun, Susan Cozzens, Ronald Doel, James Evans, Jacob Hamblin, Stefan Kuhlmann, Jacques Mairesse, Patrick McCray, Ben Martin, Christine Musselin, Dominique Pestre, Philip Shapira, and Richard Whitley. The conference was sponsored by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, BMBF) as part of grant 01UZ1001: special thanks to Dietrich Nelle (Head of Section 42, BMBF) and Monika Wächter (PT–DLR). Regarding the edited volume, we are very grateful for helpful comments and suggestions from two anonymous reviewers, and also many thanks to Steffi Heinecke and David Pithan for editing the book manuscript.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WuppertalWuppertalGermany
  2. 2.University of BambergBambergGermany

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