Youth, History and a Crisis of Democracy? Perspectives from Croatia

  • Renata Franc
  • Benjamin Perasović
  • Marko Mustapić
Chapter

Abstract

Recent research on attitudes to politics and politicians suggests young people are dissatisfied and alienated from the political process. There is widespread agreement in the published literature that young people generally perceive politicians as corrupt, boring, or hard to understand, and as self-interested and removed from ordinary people’s lives. However, there is no consensus about the possible meanings and consequences of such political cynicism for youth political participation, disengagement or attitudes towards democracy. This chapter explores the relationship between political cynicism and pro-democratic attitudes, specifically focusing on attitudes towards democratic and authoritarian political systems among young people in Croatia.

References

  1. Abdelzadeh, A., & Ekman, J. (2012). Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: An alternative framework. Politics, Culture and Socialization, 3(1–2), 179–196.Google Scholar
  2. Abdelzadeh, A., Özdemir, M., & Van Zalk, M. (2015). Dissatisfied citizens: An asset to or a liability on the democratic functioning of society? Scandinavian Political Studies, 38(4), 410–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Almond, G. A., & Verba, S. (1963). The civic culture: Political attitudes in five Western democracies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bengtsson, Å., & Mattila, M. (2009). Direct democracy and its critics: Support for direct democracy and ‘stealth’ democracy in Finland. West European Politics, 32(5), 1031–1048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bratton, M. (2002). Wide but shallow: Popular support for democracy in Africa, Afrobarometer. Working Papers, Issue 19. Retrieved from http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lang=enandid=98380.
  6. Cho, Y. (2014). To know democracy is to love it: A cross-national analysis of democratic understanding and political support for democracy. Political Research Quarterly, 67(3), 478–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Converse, P. E. (1964). The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In D. E. Apter (Ed.), Ideology and discontent. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.Google Scholar
  8. Dahlberg, S., Linde, J., & Holmberg, S. (2013). Dissatisfied Democrats A Matter of Representation or Performance? QoG Working Paper Series, 2013:8. Retrieved from http://qog.pol.gu.se/digitalAssets/1448/1448856_2013_8_dahlberg_linde_holmberg.pdf.
  9. Doorenspleet, R. (2012). Critical citizens, democratic support and satisfaction in African democracies. International Political Science Review, 1(3), 279–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ekman, J., & Linde, J. (2005). Communist nostalgia and the consolidation of democracy in Central and Eastern Europe. Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, 21(3), 354–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ellison, M., Goswami, H., & Pollock, G. (2014). Understandings of democracy. In M. Ellison & G. Pollock (Eds.), Europe-wide thematic report MYPLACE, Memory, Youth, Political Legacy and Civic Engagement, WP4: Measuring Participation, Deliverable 4.6. Retrieved from http://www.fp7-MYPLACE.eu/documents/D4_6/MYPLACE_d4_6.pdf.
  12. Franc, R., & Međugorac, V. (2014). Attitudes and trust. In M. Ellison & G. Pollock (Eds.), Europe wide thematic report MYPLACE, Memory, Youth, Political Legacy and Civic Engagement, WP4: Measuring Participation, Deliverable 4.6. Retrieved from http://www.fp7-MYPLACE.eu/documents/D4_6/MYPLACE_d4_6.pdf.
  13. Fuchs, D. (2007). The political culture paradigm. In R. J. Dalton & H. D. Klingemann (Eds.), Oxford handbook of political behaviour. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Fuchs, D., & Roller, E. (2006). Learned democracy? Support of democracy in central and eastern Europe. International Journal of Sociology, 36(3), 70–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ganuza, E., & Espín, P. G. (2013). The political turn of citizens: What does disaffection mean? In ECPR joint sessions of workshop, politics of provocation—citizen involvement and institutional reforms across the globe, Mainz. Retrieved from http://www.aecpa.es/uploads/files/modules/congress/11/papers/793.pdf.
  16. Geissel, B. (2008). Democratic resource or democratic threat? Profiles of critical and uncritical citizens in comparative perspective. Comparative Sociology, 7(1), 4–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Grimm, R., & Pilkington, H. (2015). Loud and proud: Youth and the politics of silencing. The Sociological Review, 63(S2), 206–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Haerpfer, C. W. (2008). Support for democracy and autocracy in Russia and the commonwealth of independent states, 1992–2002. International Political Science Review, 29(4), 411–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Henn, M., Weinstein, M., & Wring, D. (1999). Young people and citizenship: A study of opinion in Nottinghamshire. Nottingham: Nottinghamshire County Council.Google Scholar
  20. Hibbing, J. R., & Theiss-Morse, E. (2002). Stealth democracy: Americans’ beliefs about how government should work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Klingemann, H. D. (2014). Dissatisfied democrats: Evidence from old and new democracies. In R. Dalton & C. Welzel (Eds.), The civic culture transformed: From allegiant to assertive citizens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Maldini, P. (2015). Croatian accession to the European Union: EU democratization potential and issues of democratic consolidation. In P. Maldini & D. Pauković (Eds.), Croatia and the European Union: Changes and development. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  23. Maldini, P., & Pauković, D. (Eds.). (2015). Croatia and the European Union: Changes and development. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  24. Norris, P. (Ed.). (1999). Critical citizens: Global support for democratic government. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Norris, P. (2011). Democratic deficit: Critical citizens revisited. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pharr, S. J., & Putnam, R. D. (2000). Disaffected democracies: What’s troubling the trilateral countries? Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Pop-Eleches, G., & Tucker, J. A. (2014). Communist socialization and post-communist economic and political attitudes. Electoral Studies, 33, 77–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Schedler, A., & Sarsfield, R. (2007). Democrats with adjectives: Linking direct and indirect measures of democratic support. European Journal of Political Research, 46(5), 637–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tufis, C. D. (2014). The geography of support for democracy in Europe. Studia Politica, 14(2), 165–184.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renata Franc
    • 1
  • Benjamin Perasović
    • 1
  • Marko Mustapić
    • 1
  1. 1.Ivo Pilar Institute of Social SciencesZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations