Theorising About and Beyond Transnational Processes

  • Nina Glick Schiller
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology book series (PSEPS)

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of the developing field of transnational studies and the place of migration studies within it. It begins by examining the barriers that initially blocked the emergence of transnational studies. Briefly noting the emergence of four subfields, the chapter suggests several distinctions that were lacking in the initial emergence of a new paradigm and allow for contemporary theory-building. This new theory-building should address structures of power that legitimise social inequalities. The chapter cautions that transnational studies, while taking migration scholars beyond methodological nationalism, can produce new silences. Transnational studies may even obstruct the analysis of imperialism.

References

  1. Alba, R., & Nee, V. (1997). Rethinking Assimilation Theory for a New Era of Immigration. International Migration Review, 31(4), 826–874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alba, R., & Nee, V. (2003). Remaking the American Mainstream: Assimilation and Contemporary Immigration. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anderson, B. (1994). Exodus. Critical Inquiry, 20, 314–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barkan, E. (1995). Race, Religion and Nationality in American Society: A Model of Ethnicity – From Contact to Assimilation. Journal of American Ethnic History, 14(2), 38–101.Google Scholar
  5. Basch, L., Schiller, N. G., & Blanc, C. S. (1994). Nations Unbound: Transnational Projects, Postcolonial Predicaments, and Deterritorialized Nation-States. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach-Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Bodnar, J. E. (1985). The Transplanted: A History of Immigrants in Urban America. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bourne, R. (1916). Trans-National America. Atlantic Monthly, 118(1), 86–97.Google Scholar
  8. Brubaker, R. (2001). The Return of Assimilation? Changing Perspectives on Immigration and its Sequels in France, Germany, and the United States. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 24(4), 531–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Çaglar, A. (2002). Mediascapes, Advertisement Industries and Cosmopolitan Transformations: Turkish Immigrants in Europe. Retrieved from http://www2.rz.huberlin.de/amerika/projects/newurbanism/nu_pt_caglar_a.html2002
  10. Çaglar, A., & Glick Schiller, N. (2018). Migrants and City Making: Dispossession, Displacement, and Urban Regeneration. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Cinel, D. (1982). From Italy to San Francisco. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Epstein, A. L. (1958). Politics in an Urban African Community. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Faist, T. (2000a). The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Faist, T. (2000b). Transnationalization in International Migration: Implications for the Study of Citizenship and Culture. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 23(2), 189–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Faist, T. (2003). Amalgamating Newcomers, National Minority and Diaspora – Integration(s) of Immigrants from Poland in Germany. In R. Sackmann, B. Peters, & T. Faist (Eds.), Identity and Integration: Migrants in Western Europe (pp. 205–234). Ashgate: Aldershot.Google Scholar
  16. Fouron, G. (1984). Patterns of Adaption of Haitian Immigrants of the 1970s in New York City. Ph.D. dissertation, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York.Google Scholar
  17. Georges, E. (1990). The Making of Transnational Community: Migration, Development, and Cultural Change in the Dominican Republic. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Gilroy, P. (1991). “There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack”: The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  19. Glazer, N. (1954). Ethnic Groups in America: From National Culture to Ideology. In T. Abel Morroe Berger & C. Page (Eds.), Freedom and Control in Modern Society (pp. 158–174). New York: Van Nostrand.Google Scholar
  20. Glick Schiller, N. (1996). The Situation of Transnational Studies. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 4(2), 155–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Glick Schiller, N. (1999a). Transmigrants and Nation-States: Something Old and Something New in the U.S. Immigrant Experience. In C. Hirshman, P. Kasinitz, & J. DeWind (Eds.), The Handbook of International Migration: The American Experience (pp. 94–119). New York: Russell Sage.Google Scholar
  22. Glick Schiller, N. (1999b). Who Are These Guys? A Transnational Perspective on National Identities. In L. Goldin (Ed.), Identities on the Move: Transnational Processes in North America and the Caribbean Basin (pp. 15–43). Houston, TX: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  23. Glick Schiller, N. (2003). The Centrality of Ethnography in the Study of Transnational Migration: Seeing the Wetland Instead of the Swamp. In N. Foner (Ed.), American Arrivals (pp. 99–128). Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research.Google Scholar
  24. Glick Schiller, N. (2004). Transnationality. In D. Nugent & J. Vincent (Eds.), A Companion to the Anthropology of Politics (pp. 448–467). Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  25. Glick Schiller, N. (2005). Long Distance Nationalism. In M. Ember, C. Ember, & I. Skoggard (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World (Vol. 1, pp. 70–80). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  26. Glick Schiller, N. (2015). Explanatory Frameworks in Transnational Migration Studies: The Missing Multi-scalar Global Perspective. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 38(13), 2275–2282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Glick Schiller, N., & Çaglar, A. (2011). Locality and Globality: Building a Comparative Analytical Framework in Migration and Urban Studies. In N. Glick Schiller & A. Çaglar (Eds.), Locating Migration: Rescaling Cities and Migrants (pp. 60–84). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Glick Schiller, N., & Caglar, A. (2016). Displacement, Emplacement and Migrant Newcomers: Rethinking Urban Sociabilities Within Multiscalar Power. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 23(1), 17–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Glick Schiller, N., & Fouron, G. (1999). Terrains of Blood and Nation: Haitian Transnational Social Fields. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 22(2), 340–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Glick Schiller, N., & Fouron, G. E. (2002). Georges Woke Up Laughing: Long Distance Nationalism and the Search for Home. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Glick Schiller, N., De Wind, J., Brutus, M. L., Charles, C., Fouron, G., & Thomas, L. (1987). Exile, Ethnic, Refugee: Changing Organizational Identities Among Haitian Immigrants. Migration Today, 15(1), 7–11.Google Scholar
  32. Glick Schiller, N., Basch, L., & Szanton, C. B. (1992). Towards a Transnational Perspective on Migration: Race, Class, Ethnicity and Nationalism Reconsidered. New York: New York Academy of Science.Google Scholar
  33. Gluckman, M. (1967). Introduction. In A. L. Epstein (Ed.), The Craft of Social Anthropology (pp. xi–xx). London: Tavistock.Google Scholar
  34. Gonzalez, N. L. (1988). Sojourners of the Caribbean: Ethnogenesis and Ethnohistory of the Garifuna. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  35. Grahm, P. (2001). Political Incorporation and Re-incorporation: Simultaneity in the Dominican Migrant Experience. In H. Cordero-Guzman, R. Smith, & R. R. Grosfoguel (Eds.), Transnational Communities and the Political Economy of New York in the1990s (pp. 87–108). Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Guarnizo, L. E. (1997). The Emergence of a Transnational Social Formation and the Mirage of Return Migration Among Dominican Transmigrants. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 4(2), 281–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hall, S. (1977). Pluralism, Race, and Class in Caribbean Society. In UNESCO (Ed.), Race and Class in Post-Colonial Caribbean Society: A Study of Ethnic Group Relations in the English Speaking Caribbean, Bolivia, Chile, and Morocco (pp. 150–180). Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.Google Scholar
  38. Handlin, O. (1973 [1954]). The Uprooted. Boston, MA: Little Brown.Google Scholar
  39. Harvey, D. (1989). The Conditions of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Conditions of Cultural Change. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  40. Karakasidou, A. (1994). Sacred Scholars, Profane Advocates: Intellectuals Molding National Consciousness in Greece. Identities Global Studies in Culture and Power, 1(1), 35–61.Google Scholar
  41. Landolt, P. (2001). Salvadoran Economic Transnationalism: Embedded Strategies for Household Maintenance, Immigration Incorporation, and Entrepreneurial Expansion. Global Networks, 3, 217–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Lebovics, H. (1992). True France: The Wars over Cultural Identity, 1900–1945. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Levitt, P., & Glick Schiller, N. (2004). Transnational Perspectives on Migration: Conceptualizing Simultaneity. International Migration Review, 39(3), 1002–1039.Google Scholar
  44. Marcus, M. (1986). Contemporary Problems of Ethnography in the Modern World System. In J. Clifford & G. Marcus (Eds.), Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography (pp. 165–293). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  45. Marcus, M. (1995). Ethnography in/of the World System: The Emergence of Multi-sited Ethnography. Annual Review of Anthropology, 24, 95–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Mato, D. (1997). On Global and Local Agents and the Making of Transnational Identities and Related Agendas in ‘Latin’ America. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 4(1), 167–212.Google Scholar
  47. Mintz, S. (1985). Sweetness and the Place of Sugar in Modern History. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
  48. Mitchell, J. C. (1969). Social Networks in Urban Situations. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  49. Morawska, E. (1994). In Defense of the Assimilation Model. Journal of American Ethnic History, 13(2), 76–87.Google Scholar
  50. Morawska, E. (2001). Structuring Migration: The Case of Polish Income-Seeking Travelers to the West. Theory and Society, 30(1), 47–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Morawska, E. (2003). Immigrant Transnationalism and Assimilation: A Variety of Combinations and a Theoretical Model they Suggest. In C. Joppke & E. Morawska (Eds.), Integrating Immigrants in Liberal Nation-States: Policies and Practices. London: Palgrave Press.Google Scholar
  52. Nash, J., & Fernandez-Kelly, M. P. (1983). Woman, Men and the International Division of Labor. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  53. Ortiz, F. (1995 [1940]). Cuban Counterpoint, Tobacco and Sugar. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  54. Pessar, P. (1988). When Borders Don’t Divide: Labor Migration and Refugee Movements in the Americas. Staten Island, NY: Center for Migration Studies.Google Scholar
  55. Portes, A., & Bach, R. (1985). Latin Journey: Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the United States. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  56. Rafael, V. L. (1995). Discrepant Histories: Translocal Essays on Filipino Cultures. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Rubenstein, H. (1983). Remittances and Rural Underdevelopment in the English Speaking Caribbean. Human Organization, 42(4), 306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Schermerhorn, R. A. (1949). These Our People: Minorities in American Culture. Boston, MA: D.C. Heath.Google Scholar
  59. Smith, M. G. (1965). The Plural Society in the British West Indies. London: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  60. Smith, N. (1992). Contours of a Spatialized Politics: Homeless Vehicles and the Production of Space. Social Text, 33, 54–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Stoler, A. L. (1989). Making Empire Respectable: The Politics of Race and Sexual Morality in 20th Century Colonial Cultures. American Ethnologist, 16(4), 634–660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Suárez-Orozco, M., & Thomas, V. (2001). Right Moves: Immigration, Globalization, Utopia, and Dystopia. Paper presented at the School of American Research Advanced Seminar, Santa Fe NM.Google Scholar
  63. Sutton, C., & Makiesky-Barrow, S. (1992 [1975]). Migration and West Indian Racial and Ethnic Consciousness. In C. Sutton & E. M. Chaney (Eds.), Caribbean Life in New York City: Sociocultural Dimensions (pp. 86–107). New York: Center for Migration.Google Scholar
  64. Thistlewaite, F. (1964). Migration from Europe Overseas in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. In H. Moller (Ed.), Population Movements in Modern European History (pp. 73–92). New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  65. Thomas-Hope, E. M. (1978). The Establishment of a Migration Tradition: British West Indian Movements to the Hispanic Caribbean in the Century After Emancipation. In C. G. Clark (Ed.), Caribbean Social Relations (pp. 68–81). Liverpool: University of Liverpool.Google Scholar
  66. Torpey, J. (2000). The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  67. Williams, B. (1989). A Class Act: Anthropology and the Race to Nation Across Ethnic Terrain. Annual Reviews of Anthropology, 18(1), 401–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Williams, E. (1994 [1944]). Capitalism and Slavery. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  69. Wiltshire, W. (1984). The Economic Impact of Caribbean Emigration on Labour Donor Societies: Grenada and St. Vincent. Unpublished MS. Research Institute for the Study of Man, New York.Google Scholar
  70. Wiltshire, R., Basch, L., Wiltshire, W., & Toney, J. (1990). Caribbean Transnational Migrant Networks: Implications for Donor Societies. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.Google Scholar
  71. Wimmer, A. (2002). Nationalist Exclusion and Ethnic Conflict Shadows of Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Wimmer, A., & Glick Schiller, N. (2002). Methodological Nationalism and Beyond: Nation-State Building, Migration and the Social Sciences. Global Networks, 2(4), 301–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Wood, C. H., & McCoy, T. L. (1985). Migration, Remittances and Development: A Study of West Indian Cane Cutters in Florida. International Migration Review, 19(2), 251–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Wyman, M. (1993). Round-Trip to America: The Immigrants Return to Europe, 1880–1930. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nina Glick Schiller
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Social AnthropologyHalleGermany

Personalised recommendations