Reading Mountains: Performative Visual Language in Tenth-Century Northern Iberian Monastic Communities

  • Emily Goetsch


After the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula in 711, Christian communities migrated from southern Iberia to the northern terrain of the Pyrenees and Cantabrian Mountains. This movement led to the development of Christian centres and practices throughout this region, which are evidenced in the monastic sites founded throughout the North. By calling on relevant textual and visual material from medieval Iberian sources and from the most popular medieval Iberian manuscript tradition, Beatus of Liébana’s Commentary on the Apocalypse, this chapter argues that these monastic groups contextualized their experiences in terms of historical and biblical tales of struggle and triumph in the mountains.


Medieval Iberia Cartography Iconography 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emily Goetsch
    • 1
  1. 1.University of EdinburghEdinburghScotland

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