Employability and Conversion Factors

  • Melanie Walker
  • Samuel Fongwa


In this chapter, we consider final year students’ perspectives, but also those of staff, on employability, looking at their readiness for work based on students’ formal and informal university experiences and the factors that may affect their graduate outcomes. From this we identify intersecting conversion factors affecting graduate employability: personal and social university. In this chapter, we focus on personal background conversion factors and university conversion factors which shape converting resources into capabilities – although extra-university conversion factors do arise in what students say and both the personal and the university are structurally influenced. We start by presenting understandings of graduate employability, highlighting some of the key graduate attributes considered important.


Social Capital Black Student Employment Equity Graduate Employability Black Economic Empowerment 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melanie Walker
    • 1
  • Samuel Fongwa
    • 2
  1. 1.University of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa
  2. 2.University of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa

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