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Balaisis concludes the book with reference to the symbolic geo-political events that occurred in Cuba in 2015–16, such as the state visit by President Obama. Balaisis argues that there is an ironic symmetry between recent optimism surrounding these events and those in the immediate years following the collapse of the Soviet Union, arguing that like the early 1990s, Obama’s visit has brought new global attention to Cuba and a sense of urgency in the island’s political present. At the same time, old narratives continue to dominate official political discourse. Under this shadow, Balaisis concludes that film, media, and design in the late socialist period represent an alternative critical space that offer important counter-narratives to those espoused by political leaders on both sides of the Caribbean sea.