Adams, S. (2007). Cyber-bullying: An emerging form of student aggression for the ‘always-on’ generation. Australian Educational Leader, 29(2), 16–19.
Adkins, L. (1999). Community and economy: A retraditionalization of gender? Theory Culture & Society, 16(1), 117–137.
Antonio, A., & Tuffley, D. (2014). The gender digital divide in developing countries. Future Internet, 6(4), 673–687.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2013). Personal Safety Survey. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Australian Human Rights Commission. (2012). Working without fear: Results of the Sexual Harassment Telephone Survey. Canberra: Australian Human Rights Commission.
Bauman, Z. (2000). Liquid modernity. Cambridge, UK: Polity.
Beck, U. (1992). Risk society: Towards a new modernity. London: Sage.
Beck, U., & Beck-Gernsheim, E. (2002). Individualization: Institutionalized individualism and its social and political consequences. London: Sage.
Belsey, B. (2005). Cyberbullying: An emerging threat to the ‘always on’ generation.
Canada. Retrieved from http://www.cyberbullying.ca/pdf/Cyberbullying_Article_by_Bill_Belsey.pdf
Berson, I. R., & Berson, M. J. (2005). Challenging online behaviors of youth: Findings from a comparative analysis of young people in the United States and New Zealand. Social Science Computer Review, 23(1), 29–38.
Bluett-Boyd, N., Fileborn, B., Quadara, A., & Moore, S. (2013). The role of emerging communication technologies in experiences of sexual violence. Melbourne, Australia: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Büchi, M., Just, N., & Latzer, M. (2016). Modeling the second-level digital divide: A five-country study of social differences in Internet use. New Media & Society, 18(11), 2703–2722.
Burke, S. C., Wallen, M., Vail-Smith, K., & Knox, D. (2011). Using technology to control intimate partners: An exploratory study of college undergraduates. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(3), 1162–1167.
Carpenter, R. C. (2006). Recognizing gender-based violence against civilian men and boys in conflict situations. Security Dialogue, 37, 83–103.
Castells, M. (1996). The rise of the network society—The information age: Economy, society, and culture (Vol. I). Oxford: Blackwell.
Castells, M. (1997). The power of identity—The information age: Economy, society and culture (Vol. II). Oxford: Blackwell.
Castells, M. (1998). End of millennium—The information age: Economy, society and culture (Vol. III). Oxford: Blackwell.
Connell, R. W. (1987). Gender and power: Society, the person and sexual politics. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Cunningham, M. (2006, October 30). Werribee DVD assault offered for sale for $60.
. Retrieved January 21, 2009, from http://www.news.com.au/national/werribee-dvd-assault-offered-for-sale-for-60/story-e6frfkp9-1111112438164
DeKeseredy, W. S. (1990). Male peer support and woman abuse: The current state of knowledge. Sociological Focus, 23(2), 129–139.
Department of Justice, United States. (2013). National Crime Victimization Survey. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Dimond, J. P., Fiesler, C., & Bruckman, A. S. (2011). Domestic violence and information communication technologies. Interacting with Computers, 23(5), 413–421.
Dodge, A. (2016). Digitizing rape culture: Online sexual violence and the power of the digital photograph. Crime, Media, Culture, 12(1), 65–82.
Featherstone, M., & Burrows, R. (1996). Cyberspace/cyberbodies/cyberpunk: Cultures of technological embodiment. London: Sage.
Fraser, N. (2009). Scales of justice: Reimagining political space in a globalizing world. New York: Columbia University Press.
Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and self-identity: Self and society in the late modern age. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Giddens, A. (1992). The transformation of intimacy: Sexuality, love and eroticism in modern societies. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Halford, S., & Savage, M. (2010). Reconceptualizing digital social inequality. Information, Communication & Society, 13(7), 937–955.
Henry, N., & Powell, A. (2014). The dark side of the virtual world: Towards a digital sexual ethics. In N. Henry & A. Powell (Eds.), Preventing sexual violence: Interdisciplinary approaches to overcoming a rape culture (pp. 84–104). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Henry, N., & Powell, A. (2015a). Beyond the sext: Technology-facilitated sexual violence and harassment against adult women. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 48(1), 1104–1118.
Henry, N., & Powell, A. (2015b). Embodied harms: Gender, shame, and technology-facilitated sexual violence. Violence Against Women, 21(6), 758–779.
Henry, N., & Powell, A. (2016a). Sexual violence in the digital age: The scope and limits of criminal law. Social & Legal Studies, 25(4), 397–418.
Henry, N., & Powell, A. (2016b). Technology-facilitated sexual violence: A literature review of empirical research. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. doi:10.1177/1524838016650189.
Henry, N., & Powell, A. (2017). Technology-facilitated sexual violence and harassment. In C. M. Renzetti, J. L. Edleson, & R. K. Bergen (Eds.), Sourcebook on violence against women (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Hughes, T. (1986). The seamless web: Technology, science, etcetera, etcetera. Social Studies of Science, 16(2), 281–292.
International Telecommunication Union. (2016). ICT facts and figures: The World in 2016. Geneva: International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved from http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Documents/facts/ICTFactsFigures2016.pdf
Jane, E. A. (2014). ‘Your a ugly, whorish, slut’: Understanding e-bile. Feminist Media Studies, 14(4), 531–546.
Jane, E. A. (2015). Flaming? What flaming? The pitfalls and potentials of researching online hostility. Ethics and Information Technology, 17(1), 65–87.
Jane, E. A. (2016). Online misogyny and feminist digilantism. Continuum, 30(3), 284–297.
Joiner, R., Stewart, C., & Beaney, C. (2015). Gender digital divide. In N. R. Cheever, L. D. Rosen, & L. M. Carrier (Eds.), The Wiley handbook of psychology, technology, and society (pp. 74–88). Somerset: Wiley.
Katz, J. E., & Aakhus, M. (2002). Perpetual contact: Mobile communication, private talk, public performance. New York: Cambridge University Press.
King, R. (2011). Online communication technologies as vehicles for sexual violence: Challenges for police. Australasian Policing, 3(1), 24–30.
Lupton, D. (2014). Digital sociology. Oxon and New York: Routledge.
MacKenzie, D., & Wajcman, J. (Eds.). (1985). The social shaping of technology: How the refrigerator got its hum. Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.
Medew, J. (2007, November 6). Callous teens escape jail for sex attack film. The Age. Retrieved June 12, 2009, from http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/callous-teens-escape-jail-for-sex-attack-film/2007/11/05/1194117959942.html
Mitchell, K. J., Finkelhor, D., Jones, L. M., & Wolak, J. (2012). Prevalence and characteristics of youth sexting: A national study. Pediatrics, 129(1), 13–20.
Norris, P., & Inglehart, R. (2013). Gendering social capital. In B. O’Neill & E. Gidengil (Eds.), Gender and social capital (pp. 73–98). London: Routledge.
Office for National Statistics. (2013). An overview of sexual offending in England and Wales. Ministry of Justice, Home Office & the Office for National Statistics. London: Home Office.
Orton-Johnson, K., & Prior, N. (Eds.). (2013). Digital sociology: Critical perspectives. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Pinch, T. J., & Bijker, W. E. (1984). The social construction of facts and artefacts: Or how the sociology of science and the sociology of technology might benefit each other. Social Studies of Science, 14(3), 399–441.
Powell, A. (2009). New technologies, unauthorised visual images and sexual assault. ACSSA Aware, 23, 6–12.
Powell, A. (2010a). Configuring consent: Emerging technologies, unauthorised sexual images and sexual assault. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 43(1), 76–90.
Powell, A. (2010b). Sex, power and consent: Youth culture and the unwritten rules. Melbourne, Australia: Cambridge University Press.
Powell, A. (2015a). Seeking rape justice: Formal and informal responses to sexual violence through technosocial counter-publics. Theoretical Criminology, 19(4), 571–588.
Powell, A. (2015b). Seeking informal justice online. In A. Powell, N. Henry, & A. Flynn (Eds.), Rape justice: Beyond the criminal law (pp. 218–237). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Powell, A., & Henry, N. (2014). Blurred lines? Responding to ‘sexting’ and gender-based violence among young people. Children Australia, 39(2), 119–124.
Powell, A., & Henry, N. (2016a). Policing technology-facilitated sexual violence against adult victims: Police and service sector perspectives. Policing & Society. doi:10.1080/10439463.2016.1154964.
Powell, A., & Henry, N. (2016b). Technology-facilitated sexual violence victimization: Results from an online survey of Australian adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. doi:10.1177/0886260516672055.
Powell, A., & Henry, N. (2017). Sexual violence and harassment in the digital era. In A. Deckert & R. Sarre (Eds.), The Australian and New Zealand handbook of criminology, crime and justice. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Ragnedda, M., & Muschert, G. W. (2013). The digital divide: The Internet and social inequality in international perspective. London: Routledge.
Sayer, L. C. (2016). Trends in women’s and men’s time use, 1965–2012: Back to the future? In S. M. McHale, V. King, J. Van Hook, & A. Booth (Eds.), Gender and couple relationships (pp. 43–77). New York: Springer International Publishing.
Sheridan, L. P., & Grant, T. (2007). Is cyberstalking different? Psychology, Crime & Law, 13(6), 627–640.
Sills, S., Pickens, C., Beach, K., Jones, L., Calder-Dawe, O., Benton-Greig, P., & Gavey, N. (2016). Rape culture and social media: Young critics and a feminist counterpublic. Feminist Media Studies, 16(6): 935–951.
Spitzberg, B. H., & Hoobler, G. (2002). Cyberstalking and the technologies of interpersonal terrorism. New Media & Society, 4(1), 71–92.
Stalp, M. C. (2015). Girls just want to have fun (too): Complicating the study of femininity and women’s leisure. Sociology Compass, 9(4), 261–271.
Stonard, K. E., Bowen, E., Lawrence, T. R., & Price, S. A. (2014). The relevance of technology to the nature, prevalence and impact of adolescent dating violence and abuse: A research synthesis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19(4), 390–417.
van Deursen, A. J., & Van Dijk, J. A. (2014). The digital divide shifts to differences in usage. New Media & Society, 16(3), 507–526.
Wajcman, J. (2004). TechnoFeminism. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Webster, F. (1995). Theories of the information society. London: Routledge.
Westlake, B. G., & Bouchard, M. (2016). Liking and hyperlinking: Community detection in online child sexual exploitation networks. Social Science Research, 59, 23–36.
WHO. (2002). World report on violence and health. Geneva: World Health Organization.
WHO. (2013). Global and regional estimates of violence against women: Prevalence and health effects of and non-partner sexual violence. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Woodlock, D. (2016). The abuse of technology in domestic violence and stalking. Violence Against Women. doi:10.1177/1077801216646277.
Yar, M. (2012). Crime, media and the will-to-representation: Reconsidering relationships in the new media age. Crime, Media, Culture, 8(3), 245–260.
Zweig, J. M., Dank, M., Yahner, J., & Lachman, P. (2013). The rate of cyber dating abuse among teens and how it relates to other forms of teen dating violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(7), 1063–1077.