Advertisement

Hunting Worlds Turned Upside Down? Paulus Potter’s Life of a Hunter

  • Piers Beirne
  • Janine Janssen
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Green Criminology book series (PSGC)

Abstracts

This chapter is a case study of the extraordinary painting Life of a Hunter (1647–50) by the Dutch artist Paulus Potter. It boasts fourteen rectangular panels and multiple narratives. It depicts a hunter and his hounds who have been captured by their animal quarry. The hunter is tried by the animals, condemned to death and roasted alive. Life of a Hunter provokes several questions: What did Life of a Hunter mean to Potter and to the painting’s audience? When and where did its viewpoint of an ‘upside down’ animal trial originate? Was its moral message encouraged by the pro-animal sentiments expressed by Montaigne? As happened here, an image sometimes manages simultaneously to reflect prevailing cultural standards and to show the way to their erosion and possible transcendence.

Bibliography

  1. Antal, Frederick. (1962). Hogarth and His Place in European Art. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  2. Arps-Aubert, Rudolf von. (1932). Die Entwicklung des reinen Tierbildes in der Kunst des Paulus Potter. Halle: Eduard Klinz Buchdruck-Werkstätten.Google Scholar
  3. Beirne, Piers. (2009). Confronting Animal Abuse. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  4. Beirne, Piers. (2013). ‘Hogarth’s Animals,’ Journal of Animal Ethics, 3(2): 133–62.Google Scholar
  5. Buijsen, Edwin and Charles Dumas. (1998). Haagse schilders in de Gouden Eeuw. Het Hoogsteder Lexicon van alle schilders werkzaam in Den Haag 1600–1700. Den Haag and Zwolle: Kunsthandel Hoogsteder & Hoogsteder and Waanders Uitgevers.Google Scholar
  6. Calvin, John. (1541–1559). (1960). Institutes of the Christian Religion. Edited by John T. McNeill. Translated by Ford Lewis Battles. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Westminster.Google Scholar
  7. Calvin, John. (n.d.). (1958). Commentaries. Translated by Joseph Haroutunian. Phildelphia, PA: Westminster.Google Scholar
  8. Chong, Alan. (1988). ‘In ‘t verbeelden van Slachtdieren,’ Associaties en betekenissen, verbonden aan het Hollandse veestuk in de zeventiende eeuw.’ In: C. Boschma, J.M. de Groot, G. Jansen, J.W.M. de Jong and F. Grijzenhout (eds.), Meesterlijk vee. Nederlandse veeschilders 1600–1900. Zwolle: Uitgeverij Waanders, 56–86.Google Scholar
  9. Davids, K. (1989). Dieren en Nederlanders. Zeven eeuwen lief en leed. Utrecht: Matrijs.Google Scholar
  10. Deursen, A. Th. van. (2010). De Gouden Eeuw compleet. Amsterdam: Uitgeverij Bert Bakker.Google Scholar
  11. Dievoet, Guido van. (1975). ‘Le Roman de Renart et Van den Vos Reynaerde, témoins fideles de la procédure pénale aux XIIe et XIIIe siècles.’ In: E. Rombauts, A. Welkenhuysen and G. Verbeke (eds.), Aspects of the Medieval Animal Epic. Louvain: Leuven University Press, 43–52.Google Scholar
  12. Ellerbroek, G.G. (1948). ‘Notes sur la fortune de Montaigne en Hollande,’ Neophilologus, 32: 49–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Evans, Edward Payson. (1906). The Criminal Prosecution and Capital Punishment of Animals. New York: E.P. Dutton. (Reprinted in 1987, London: Faber and Faber).Google Scholar
  14. Fuchs, J.M. (1957). De hond aan de galg, Amsterdam: Querido.Google Scholar
  15. Fudge, Erica. (2006). Brutal Reasoning: Animals, Rationality, and Humanity in Early Modern England. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Google Scholar
  16. Hallie, Philip P. (1977). ‘The Ethics of Montaigne’s De la cruauté.’ In: Raymond C. La Charité (ed.), O Un Amy! Essays on Montaigne in Honor of Donald M. Frame. Lexington, KY: French Forum.Google Scholar
  17. Houbraken, Arnold. (1753). (1976). De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen. Amsterdam: B.M. Israël BV.Google Scholar
  18. Joppien, R. (1979). ‘The Dutch Vision of Brazil: Johan Maurits and his Artists.’ In: E. van den Boogaart with H.R. Hoetink and P.J.P. Whitehead (eds.), Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen 1604–1679; A Humanist Prince in Europe and Brazil. The Hague: The Johan Maurits van Nassau Stichting, 297–376.Google Scholar
  19. Kemp, Martin. (2007). The Human Animal in Western Art and Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  20. Keys, Johannes. (1576). Of English Dogges, the Diversities, the Names, the Natures, and the Properties. Translated by Abraham Fleming. London: Richard Johnes. Available http://www.projectgutenberg.org. Accessed 22 Nov 2017.
  21. Kolfin, Elmer and Marrigje Rikken. (2007). ‘A Very Personal Copy: Pieter van Veen’s Illustrations to Montaigne’s Essais.’ In: Paul J. Smith and Karl A.E. Enenkel (eds.), Montaigne and the Low Countries (1580–1700). Leiden: Brill, 247–61.Google Scholar
  22. Kunzle, David. (1978). ‘World Upside Down: The Iconography of a European Broadsheet Type.’ In: Barbara A. Babcock (ed.), The Reversible World: Symbolic Inversion in Art and Society. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 39–94.Google Scholar
  23. Montaigne, Michel de. (1576). (1987). An Apology for Raymond Sebond. Translated by M.A. Screech. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  24. Montaigne, Michel de. (1580). (1910). ‘Of Cruelty.’ In: Essays of Montaigne. Translated by Charles Cotton. 10 vols. New York: Edwin C. Hill, 4: 162–93.Google Scholar
  25. Praag, A. van. (1932). ‘Het strafproces tegen dieren,’ Themis, (93): 345–75.Google Scholar
  26. Quint, David. (1998). Montaigne and the Quality of Mercy: Ethical and Political Themes in the Essais. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ruskin, John. (1894). Modern Painters, vol. 5: Of Leaf Beauty – of Cloud Beauty, of Ideas of Relation. New York: Estes and Lauriat, 275–76.Google Scholar
  28. Smith, Paul J. (2007). ‘Montaigne and the Low Countries – Synopsis – and New Perspectives.’ In: Paul J. Smith and Karl A.E. Enenkel (eds.), Montaigne and the Low Countries (1580–1700). Leiden: Brill, 1–15.Google Scholar
  29. Stallybrass, Peter. (1991). ‘The World Turned Upside Down: Inversion, Gender and the State.’ In: V. Wayne (ed.), The Matter of Difference. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 201–17.Google Scholar
  30. Stokvis, Benno J. (1931). ‘Bijdrage tot de kennis van het wereldlijke direnproces in de noordelijke Nederlanden,’ Tidschrift voor Strafecht, 41: 399–424.Google Scholar
  31. Varty, Kenneth. (ed.). (2003). Reynard the Fox: Social Engagement and Cultural Metamorphoses in the Beast Epic from the Middle Ages to the Present. New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  32. Walsh, Amy. (1985). Paulus Potter: His Works and Their Meaning. Unpublished Ph.D dissertation, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Columbia University.Google Scholar
  33. Walsh, Amy, Edwin Buijsen and Ben Broos. (1994). Paulus Potter: Paintings, Drawings and Etchings. Mauritshuis, The Hague: Waanders Publishers.Google Scholar
  34. Wolloch, Nathaniel. (2006). Subjugated Animals: Animals and Anthropocentrism in Early Modern European Culture. Amherst, NY: Humanity Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piers Beirne
    • 1
  • Janine Janssen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of CriminologyUniversity of Southern MainePortlandUSA
  2. 2.Avans University for Applied SciencesDen BoschThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations