The Unconscious Mind

  • Michele Di Francesco
  • Massimo Marraffa
  • Alfredo Paternoster


The authors provide a critical discussion of the notion of unconscious, both in the cognitive-science sense and in the Freudian sense. The outcome of this discussion is that self-consciousness should be studied by integrating the subpersonal, bottom-up approach characteristic of cognitive sciences with recent developments in the psychodynamic framework, focusing (in particular) on the theories of cognitive-affectional relationality of the very young child: as is showed by the theories of object relations and attachment, physical contact and the construction of protective and communicative interpersonal structures constitute the infant’s primordial psychological needs, around which her mental life gradually takes form.


Cognitive Science Mental Life Folk Psychology Extended Mind Conscious Mind 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michele Di Francesco
    • 1
  • Massimo Marraffa
    • 2
  • Alfredo Paternoster
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Advanced Studies IUSS PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.University of Roma TreRomeItaly
  3. 3.University of BergamoBergamoItaly

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