Introduction: Setting the Stage

  • Michele Di Francesco
  • Massimo Marraffa
  • Alfredo Paternoster


An overview of the book is given. In this book, Di Francesco, Marraffa and Paternoster offer a theory of the self (which is at the same time a theory of self-consciousness) whose core ideas are that (1) the self is a process, the activity of self-representing of a psychobiological system, and (2) this process aims mainly at defending the self-conscious subject against the threat of its metaphysical inconsistence. In other words, the self is essentially a repertoire of psychological maneuvers whose outcome is a self-representation aimed at coping with the fundamental fragility of the human subject. It is a constructive process that starts in the very early stages of our life and runs unceasingly during all our life.


Narrative Identity Subpersonal Level Defensive Nature Eliminative Argument Psychological Maneuver 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michele Di Francesco
    • 1
  • Massimo Marraffa
    • 2
  • Alfredo Paternoster
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Advanced Studies IUSS PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.University of Roma TreRomeItaly
  3. 3.University of BergamoBergamoItaly

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