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This chapter consists of a synthesis of the discussions of Chaps. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7. Likely future developments are considered for regulatory institutions, their organization and processes, and the substantive content of regulations. The underlying, and often conflicting, forces at work influencing the direction of financial markets’ regulation in China are threefold: the usual concern for market stability, avoidance of market failure, and maintenance of investor confidence; the need to develop private investment markets in order to mobilize private capital within the framework of a ‘socialist market economy’; and the avoidance of too great a degree of inequality in regional development and prosperity.