Trends and Determinants of Retirement Transition in Europe, the USA and Japan: A Comparative Overview
- 462 Downloads
This comparative chapter serves as a stylized frame of comparison for the single-country chapters of the book. It briefly contrasts the development of retirement transitions in the 13 countries selected for this book by showing older workers’ employment trends over the last decades and allowing us to contrast trends in early retirement (in the 1970s and 1980s) with active aging (since the late 1990s). Furthermore, it provides an overview on the context of retirement transitions that reflects on institutional, workplace, and individual conditions. In sum, the results of our international comparison suggest a close relationship between older workers’ employment levels and contextual factors at the institutional, the workplace, and the individual level.
KeywordsEmployment Rate Pension System Public Pension Retirement Decision Healthy Life Expectancy
- Blossfeld, H.-P., Buchholz, S., & Hofäcker, D. (Eds.). (2006). Globalization, uncertainty and late careers in society. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Blossfeld, H.-P., Buchholz, S., & Kurz, K. (Eds.). (2011). Aging populations, globalization and the labor market: Comparing late working life and retirement in modern societies. Cheltenham/Northampton: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
- Ebbinghaus, B., & Hofäcker, D. (2013). Reversing early retirement in advanced welfare economies: A paradigm shift to overcome push and pull factors. Comparative Population Studies, 38(4), 807–840.Google Scholar
- Eurofound. (2012). Sustainable work and the ageing workforce. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.Google Scholar
- European Employment Observatory. (2012). Employment policies to promote active ageing 2012. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.Google Scholar
- European Social Survey. (2014). ESS-5 2010 documentation report. Edition 3.2. Bergen: The ESS Data Archive.Google Scholar
- Eurostat. (2013). Healthy life years statistics. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database. Date accessed 31 May 2016.
- Eurostat. (2014). Labour force survey. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/education-and-training/data/database. Date accessed 21 Oct 2015.
- Flood, L. (2004). Formation of wealth, income of capital and cost of housing in SESIM (Mimeo Working Papers).Google Scholar
- Hofäcker, D., & Pollnerová, S. (2006). Late careers and career exits. An international comparison of trends and institutional background patterns. In H.-P. Blossfeld, S. Buchholz, & D. Hofäcker (Eds.), Globalization, uncertainty, and late careers in society (pp. 25–53). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hofäcker, D., Hess, M., & Naumann, E. (2015). Changing retirement transitions in times of paradigmatic political change: Towards growing inequalities? In C. Torp (Ed.), Challenges of aging: Retirement, pensions, and intergenerational justice (pp. 205–226). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kohli, M., & Rein, M. (1991). The changing balance of work and retirement. In M. Kohli, M. Rein, A.-M. Guillermard, & H. van Gunsteren (Eds.), Time for retirement: Comparative studies of early exit from the labor force (pp. 1–35). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- MISSOC. (2015). Missoc comparative tables database. http://www.missoc.org/MISSOC/INFORMATIONBASE/COMPARATIVETABLES/MISSOCDATABASE/comparativeTableSearch.jsp. Date accessed 31 May 2016.
- OECD. (2011). Pensions at a glance 2011: Retirement-income systems in OECD and G20 countries. http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/8111011e.pdf. Date accessed 31 May 2016.
- OECD. (2013a) Pensions at a glance 2013: OECD and G20 indicators. OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/pension_glance-2013-en. Date accessed 31 May 2016.
- OECD. (2013b) Education at a glance 2013: OECD indicators. OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2013-en. Date accessed 31 May 2016.
- OECD. (2015a). LFS by sex and age. https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=LFS_SEXAGE_I_R. Date accessed 16 Oct 2015.
- OECD. (2015b). Health status. http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx?DataSetCode=HEALTH_STAT. Date accessed 16 Oct 2015.
- Qi, H. (2016). Live longer, work longer? Evidence from Sweden’s ageing population. Lund: Lund University.Google Scholar
- Radl, J. (2013). Retirement timing and social stratification: A comparative study of labour market exit and age norms in Western Europe. London: Versita De Gruyter Open.Google Scholar
- Sjögren Lindquist, G. (2006). Late careers and career exits in Sweden. In H. P. Blossfeld, S. Bucholz, & D. Hofäcker (Eds.), Globalization, uncertainty and late careers in society. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Social Policy Indicators. (2015). SPIN database. http://www.sofi.su.se/spin/. Date accessed 16 Oct 2015.
- Sommer, C., Künemund, H., & Kohli, M. (2004). Zwischen Selbstorganisation und Seniorenakademie: Die Vielfalt der Altersbildung in Deutschland. Berlin: Weißensee Verlag.Google Scholar
- World Bank. (2012). World development indicators. Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
- Zaidi, A., & Fuchs, M. (2006). Transition from work to retirement in EU25 (Policy Brief). Vienna: European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research.Google Scholar