Advertisement

Retirement Transitions Under Changing Institutional Conditions: Towards Increasing Inequalities? Comparing Evidence from 13 Countries

  • Moritz Hess
  • Stefanie König
  • Dirk Hofäcker
Chapter

Abstract

The concluding chapter summarizes the theoretical approach of the book and provides a stylized overview of the results from the international comparison and the 13 single country studies. It highlights that the major pension system and labor market reforms throughout the last 15 years in Europe, Japan, and the USA have been effective in meeting their goal of delaying retirement. However, it seems as if not all older workers are benefiting from this trend. Vulnerable labor market groups such as the low-skilled, unemployed, long-term sick, and migrants are struggling to meet the requirements of the new active aging policy. Policymakers, trade unions, and employers must recognize the inequalities that the credo of extended working life might cause and keep them in mind when planning new reforms of the welfare state or changes to workplace settings.

Keywords

Employment Rate Early Retirement Pension System Labor Market Reform Occupational Pension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Blossfeld, H.-P., Buchholz, S., & Hofäcker, D. (Eds.). (2006). Globalization, uncertainty, and late careers in society. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Blossfeld, H.-P., Buchholz, S., & Kurz, K. (Eds.). (2011). Comparing late working life and retirement in modern societies. Cheltenham/Northampton: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  3. D’Addio, A. C., Keese, M., & Whitehouse, E. (2010). Population ageing and labour markets. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 26(4), 613–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ebbinghaus, B. (2006). Reforming early retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ebbinghaus, B., & Hofäcker, D. (2013). Reversing early retirement in advanced welfare economies: Overcoming push and pull factors. Comparative Population Studies—Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, 38(4), 807–840.Google Scholar
  6. Guger, A. (1998). Austria’s old-age pension system in an international comparison. WIFO Austrian Economic Quarterly, 1, 31–42.Google Scholar
  7. Harper, S. (2015). The challenges of the twenty-first-century demography. In C. Torp (Ed.), Challenges of aging: Retirement, pensions, and intergenerational justice (pp. 17–30). Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Naegele, G., & Walker, A. (2007). Social protection: Incomes, poverty and the reform of pension systems. In J. Bond, S. Peace, F. Dittmann-Kohli, & G. Westerhof (Eds.), Ageing in society: European perspectives on gerontology (pp. 142–166). London: SAGE.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Radl, J. (2013). Retirement timing and social stratification: A comparative study of labour market exit and age norms in Western Europe. London: Versita De Gruyter Open.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Gerontology at the Technical University of DortmundDortmundGermany
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.University of Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany

Personalised recommendations