Advertisement

Conclusions

  • Michael Minkenberg
Chapter
Part of the Europe in Crisis book series (EIC)

Abstract

A summary view of the radical right in Eastern Europe reveals that despite its organizational and electoral volatility it has not remained on the political margins; major parties as well as governments have adopted parts of their agenda, as Hungary and Poland illustrate most vividly. While in general the same can be said about Western Europe, the evidence shows that the radical right in Eastern Europe adds a particularly pervasive challenge to the democratic order in a number of countries and to the region’s politics. This can be read off the radical right’s ideological extremism, its electoral volatility in the context of under-institutionalized party systems, and the easy contagion of the mainstream discourse by the radical right’s message, which resonates more widely in Eastern societies than in the West.

Keywords

Anti-democratic challenge Ideological extremism Radicalization Contagion effects 

Bibliography

  1. Ágh, Attila. 2016. “The Decline of Democracy in East-Central Europe: Hungary as the Worst Case Scenario.” Problems of Post-Communism 63(5–6): 277–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brubaker, Rogers. 1997. Nationalism Reframed. Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Crouch, Colin. 2004. Post-Democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  4. Jowitt, Kenneth. 1992. “The Leninist legacy.” In New World Disorder. The Leninist Extinction, by Kenneth Jowitt, 284–305. Berkeley: The University of California Press.Google Scholar
  5. Krastev, Ivan. 2016. “The Unraveling of the Post-1989 Order.” Journal of Democracy 27(4): 88–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lipset, Seymour M., and Stein Rokkan. 1967. “Cleavage Structures, Party Systems and Voter Alignments.” In Party Systems and Voter Alignments, edited by Seymour M. Lipset and Stein Rokkan, 1–64. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  7. Minkenberg, Michael, and Oliver Kossack. 2015. “Conclusions: Actors, Interaction, and Impact in Comparison.” In Transforming the Transformation? The East European Radical Right in the Political Process, edited by Michael Minkenberg, 348–359. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Mudde, Cas. 2005a. “Central and Eastern Europe.” In Racist Extremism in Central and Eastern Europe, edited by Cas Mudde, 267–285. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Pappas, Takis. 2016. “Distinguishing Liberal Democracy’s Challengers.” Journal of Democracy 28(4): 22–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sartori, Giovanni. 1976. Parties and Party Systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Minkenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Frankfurt/OderGermany

Personalised recommendations