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Introduction

  • Heiko Motschenbacher
Chapter
  • 889 Downloads
Part of the Postdisciplinary Studies in Discourse book series (PSDS)

Abstract

Investigating European identity formation is more important today than ever before. On the political level, European Union (EU) enlargement has so far led to the inclusion of no less than 28 European countries, with still more candidate countries (Albania [ALB] , Macedonia [MAC] , Montenegro [MNT] , Serbia [SER] , and Turkey [TUR] ) awaiting membership. Moreover, the EU member states have recently started to establish closer ties with some Eastern European non-EU countries, as the Eastern Partnership Summits with Armenia (ARM) , Azerbaijan (AZE) , Belarus (BLR) , Georgia (GEO) , Moldova (MOL) and Ukraine (UKR) have shown. These summits have played a crucial role as pressure instruments, enforcing democratic values in countries where these have not yet been fully established or where internal political opposition is still vehemently oppressed. The simplification of EU -internal travel regulations in the Schengen area and the adoption of the Euro currency by many EU member states facilitate the movement of people, capital and goods across Europe. The Treaty of Lisbon, which has been in effect since December 2009, provides EU institutions with more regulatory power than ever before.

Keywords

European Union Country Minority Language European Union Member State Europeanness Formation European Union Institution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heiko Motschenbacher
    • 1
  1. 1.Goethe-University Frankfurt am MainFrankfurtGermany

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