Historical Role of Sufis in Military Endeavors



This chapter considers examples of prominent Sufis’ military activity in historical events. The chapter examines the roles of Shaykh Arslan Dimashqi and Abu Hasan Shadhili during the Crusades; Najm al-Din Kubra during the Mongol invasion of Central Asia; Aq Shams al-Din and the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453; the martial role of Baba Palangpush and the Naqshbandi Sufi order in Mughal India. This chapter concludes that these depictions, though based to some degree on hagiographical and semi-historical sources, confirm that Sufis were often mujahids during times of war, which accords with the understanding of jihad premodern Sufi texts propound.


Thirteenth Century Traditional Source Islamic World Military Campaign Temporal Ruler 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OaklandUSA

Personalised recommendations