Exclusive Diversity and the Ambiguity of Being Out of Place

  • İlay Romain Örs
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Urban Anthropology book series (PSUA)


This chapter focuses on multifaceted conceptualizations of the Rum Polites identity. Through presenting the notion of “exclusive diversity” based on a regard for multicultural diversity exclusive to Istanbul, I show that the Rum Polites in Athens not only differentiate themselves from other Greeks in Greece but also display a particular level of fragmentation among themselves. They resist the simplistic binarism of Greekness versus Turkishness, as well as other conventional labels, such as minority, migrant, and refugee, as these take the nation-state as their point of reference. Instead, Rum Polites display an attachment to a cosmopolitan city, inviting a reassessment of many assumptions made in both social theory and official discourses. Thereby Rum Polites offer a case for an opening into “methodological cosmopolitanism” (Beck and Sznaider, Unpacking Cosmopolitanism for the Social Sciences: A Research Agenda. The British Journal of Sociology, 57(1), 1–23, 2006). I demonstrate this with respect to the concept of diaspora and show that Rum Polites outside Istanbul live in the “diaspora of the City.”


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • İlay Romain Örs
    • 1
  1. 1.Istanbul Bilgi UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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