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Challenges of the Twenty-First Century in the Russian Arctic: Translating in Emergencies and Emergencies in Translating

  • Veronica Razumovskaya
  • Olga Bartashova
Chapter
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Part of the Palgrave Studies in Translating and Interpreting book series (PTTI)

Abstract

Within the context of the growing geo-political importance of the Arctic, globally as well as within the Russian Federation, this chapter examines key strategic issues of interlingual and cross-cultural communication in emergencies that occur in this hostile environment. Tremendous social, political, and economic changes are influencing the lives of not only the indigenous population, but also all the people in the circumpolar zone. Significant mineral and energy resources are driving new exploration activity in the Arctic. Emergencies are caused by climate conditions (frozen tundra) and changes in climate (destabilization of terrain as a result of permafrost thaw), weather (heavy snowstorms, hurricanes, and severe frosts) and technological disasters (oil spillage, explosions, air crashes, and shipwrecks) in sensitive Arctic ecosystems. The key translation issues emerge when effective communication is needed in emergencies; this chapter argues that the tenets and main principles of translation and interpreting in this context are mobility, centralization, preparedness, and immediate response. Suggesting that integrated approach is required for translation and interpreting in Arctic emergencies, the chapter focuses on the complex educational aspects such bespoke retraining courses for translators and interpreters, the implementation of a state certification system, and the drafting of guidelines for both professional and non-professional translation and interpreting in this context. The chapter pays particular attention to the linguistic aspect of translation and interpreting, whereby the influence of global English can be both an obstacle and a resource, with the aim of suggesting ways for alternative pathways of training.

Keywords

Arctic Ocean Language Policy Source Text Northern Territory Rescue Team 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Veronica Razumovskaya
    • 1
  • Olga Bartashova
    • 2
  1. 1.Economics, Management and Environmental StudiesSiberian Federal UniversityKrasnoyarskRussia
  2. 2.Linguistics, Faculty of HumanitiesSt. Petersburg State University of EconomicsSt. PeterburgRussia

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