Advertisement

Anybody Down There? Emergency and Disaster Interpreting in Turkey

  • Aymil Doğan
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Translating and Interpreting book series (PTTI)

Abstract

Turkey is a country especially prone to earthquakes due to its geophysical position. After the strikes of the 1999 earthquakes, department of translation and interpretation in Turkey launched training courses for the interpreters who would volunteer to provide services to foreign search and rescue teams. A form of emergency interpreting that aims to provide help with communication during search and rescue operations, this practice so far remained unique to Turkey. This chapter offers a report on the historical context, the organization, and the training offered within this practice. While reassessing its operations in ten years of activity, this chapter focuses on both its accomplishments and weaknesses that this training and support project is considered in this chapter with an eye to its current and future challenges. This article suggests that the Turkish model (ARC) may represent an example or even a model to consider for including linguistic mediation in the disaster for multilingual countries vulnerable to disasters.

Keywords

Disaster Management Disaster Preparedness Marmara Region Disaster Situation Civil Defence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Batson, Daniel C. 1991. The Altruism question: Toward a social psychological answer. In Social psychology, 2nd edn, ed. Robert S. Feldman, 1998. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Beyaz Gemi Social Project Agency. 2014. Istanbul ADMIP disaster and emergency prevention response and recovery plan. Istanbul: ISMEP. http://www.guvenliyasam.org/Contents/rehber-kitaplar/en/ADMIP-EN.pdf. Accessed 19 Oct 2015.
  3. Bulut, Alev. 2002. The constraints manipulating the interpreting services at disasters. Proceedings of international conference on translation studies in the new millenium Oct. 16–18, 2002. Bilkent University, Ankara.Google Scholar
  4. Bulut, Alev, and Rana Kahraman. 2003. Voluntary relief interpreters as agents of intercultural communication: Ethical considerations. Proceedings of 10th translation targets conference Sept. 11–13, 2003. Charles University, Prague.Google Scholar
  5. Bulut, Alev, and T. Kurultay. 2001. Interpreters-in-Aid-at Disasters (IAD): Community interpreting in the process of disaster management. In: The return to ethics, Special issue of The Translator, ed. Anthony Pym, 7(2): 251–263.Google Scholar
  6. Businario, Roberta. 2012. Relief operations across language barriers: The interpreter factor. Unpublished MSc thesis, University College Dublin.Google Scholar
  7. Chernov, Ghelly V. 2004. Inference and anticipation in simultaneous interpreting. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Coulthard, Malcolm. 1987. Introduction To Discourse Analysis. New York: Longman.Google Scholar
  9. Disaster and Emergency Disaster Authority. 2015. ‘AFAD’. Republic of Turkey. Accessed 19 Oct 2015.Google Scholar
  10. Doğan, Aymil, and R. Kahraman. 2011. Emergency and disaster interpreting in Turkey: Ten years of a unique endeavour. Journal of Faculty of Letters of Hacettepe University 28(2). http://www.edebiyatdergisi.hacettepe.edu.tr/index.php/EFD/article/view/499/359. Accessed 19 Oct 2015.
  11. Doğan, Aymil. 2004. Mahkeme Cevirmenligi [Court Interpreting]. Journal of Translation Studies. Ankara: Bizim Buro.Google Scholar
  12. Doğan, Aymil. 2006. Afette Rehber Çevirmenlik: Toplum Çevirmenliğinde Yeni Bir Boyut [Guide interpreters in disasters: A new dimension in community interpreting]. Ankara: Bizim Buro.Google Scholar
  13. Doğan, Aymil. 2012. A Survey on the Volunteers of Emergency and Disaster Interpreter Initiative (ARC) in Turkey. Journal of Faculty of Letters of Hacettepe University, 29(2).http://www.edebiyatdergisi.hacettepe.edu.tr/index.php/EFD/article/view/3/3. Accessed 15 October 2015.
  14. Doğan, Aymil, Alev Bulut, and Rana Kahraman. 2005. Voluntary relief interpreting: Social responsibility and beyond. Unpublished paper, University of Graz, Translation Sociology Seminar, 11–13 May 2005.Google Scholar
  15. Edwards, Victoria. 2002. The role of communication in peace and relief mission negotiations. Translation Journal, 6(2). http://translationjournal.net/journal/20interpr.htm. Accessed 15 October 2015.Google Scholar
  16. Ezber, G., and R. Kahraman. 2008. Relief interpreting in a disaster habitus: A Bourdieuan perspective. Proceedings of the Translation, Interpreting and Languages for Specific Purposes, Research in Cross-lingual Communication: Theories and Methodologies, University of Macerata, February 1–2, 2008. Italy.Google Scholar
  17. Hurford, James R., and B. Heasley. 1987. Semantics: A coursebook. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  18. International Affairs Division, Miyagi Prefectural Government. 2010. Preparing for the next Miyagi-Oki earthquake. Miyagi. Available at: http://www.pref.miyagi.jp/kokusai/en/volunteer_en.htm. Accessed 19 Oct 2015.
  19. Kahraman, Rana. 2003. Afette Rehber Çevirmenlik [Interpreter-in-Aid at Disasters]. Unpublished masters dissertation. Istanbul University, İstanbul.Google Scholar
  20. Kahraman, Rana. 2010. Göç ve Çeviri: İltica Başvurularında Sözlü Çeviri Uygulamaları ve Toplum Çevirmeninin Rolü [Immıgration and translation: Translation and interpreting practices in asylum seeking precess and the role of community interpreter]. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Istanbul University, İstanbul.Google Scholar
  21. Kurultay, T., Alev Bulut, and Rana Kahraman. 2002. New perspectives in community interpreting: Relief interpreting. Proceedings of the II. Colloque International Sur La Traduction: Relations d’interdisciplinarite en Traduction, Yıldız Technical University, 23–25 Oct 2002. İstanbul.Google Scholar
  22. International Affairs Division, Miyagi Prefectural Government. 2010. Preparing for the next Miyagi-Oki earthquake. Miyagi. Available at: http://www.pref. miyagi.jp/kokusai/en/volunteer_en.htm. Accessed 19 Oct 2015.Google Scholar
  23. Marza, Vasile I. 2004. On the death toll of the 1999 Izmit (Turkey) major earthquake. In ESC general assembly papers. Potsdam: European Seismological Commission.Google Scholar
  24. Parsons, Talcott. 1964. Social Structure and Personality. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.Google Scholar
  25. Pöchhaker, Franz. 2007. Critical linking-up. In Critical link 4: Professionalisation of interpreting in the community: Selected papers from the 4th International Conference on Interpreting in Legal, Health and Social Service Settings, Stockholm, Sweden. 20–13 May 2004, ed. C. Wadensjö, Birgitta Englund Dimitrova, Anna-Lena Nilsson, 11–23. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
  26. Quarentelli, Enrico L. 2000. Emergencies, disaster and catastrophes are different phenomena. http://udspace.udel.edu/bitstream/handle/19716/674/PP304.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y. Accessed 19 Oct 2015.
  27. Roy, Cynthia B. 1989. A sociolinguistic analysis of the interpreter is role in the turn exchanges of an interpreted event. Unpublished Dissertation. Washington, DC: Georgetown University, University Microfilms DA064793.Google Scholar
  28. Snelling, David C. 1997. On media and court interpreting. In Conference interpreting: Current trends in research, ed. Yves Gambier, Daniel Gile, and Christopher Taylor. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
  29. Tahir-Gurcaglar, Şehnaz, and Ebru Diriker. 2004. ‘Turkiyede Toplum Cevirmenligi’ [Community Interpreting in Turkey]. Journal of Translation Studies. Ankara: Bizim Buro.Google Scholar
  30. Wadensjö, Cecilia. 2007. Interpreting professions, professionalisation, and professionalism.’ In Critical link 4: Professionalisation of interpreting in the community: Selected papers from the 4th International Conference on Interpreting in Legal, Health and Social Service Settings, Stockholm, Sweden, 20–13 May 2004, ed. Cecilia Wadensjö, Birgitta Englund Dimitrova, and Anna-Lena Nilsson, 1–8. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aymil Doğan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Translation and Interpretation, Faculty of Letters,Hacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations