War Diaries: Representation, Narration and Mediation
Following on from the wide circulation of Anne Frank’s famous war diary, numerous war diaries, penned by young writers, have been unearthed and published: whether in their entirety or anthologised (or both). We argue that these texts make an important contribution to understanding and historicising both young people’s life writing and life writing of trauma. We consider what happens to these narratives as they travel through their various mediations: from embodied, first-person narratives by adolescent witnesses, to the original material diary, to discovery (preservation and archival), through to translation, publication and often to anthology. What mandates are given (from the outside, and after the fact—by editors, anthologisers and reviewers) to youth life writers documenting war?
KeywordsDiary Entry Young Reader Life Narrative Diary Form Young Writer
- Anderson, MM 2007, ‘The child victim as witness to the holocaust: an American story?’, Jewish Social Studies: History, Culture, Society, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1–22.Google Scholar
- Boas, J 1995, We are witnesses: five diaries of teenagers who died in the Holocaust, Square Fish, New York.Google Scholar
- Bunkers, SL 2001, ‘Whose diary is it, anyway? Issues of agency, authority, awnership’ a/b: Auto/Biography Studies, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 11–27.Google Scholar
- Charnow, S 2012, ‘Critical thinking: scholars reread the diary’ in Anne Frank unbound: media, imagination, memory, eds. B Kirshenblatt-Gimblett & J Shandler, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 291–308.Google Scholar
- Cole, PB 2009, Young adult literature in the 21st Century, McGraw Hill, New York.Google Scholar
- Douglas, K 2010, Contesting childhood: autobiography, trauma and memory, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick.Google Scholar
- Eliades, P 1995, ‘Anthologising the minority’, Hecate, vol. 21, no.1, pp. 74–97.Google Scholar
- Eskin, B 2008, ‘Crying wolf: why did it take so long for a far-fetched Holocaust memoir to be debunked?’ Slate, 29 February. Available from: http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/culturebox/2008/02/crying_wolf.html#page_start. [29 November 2015].
- Filipovic, Z 2006, ‘Introduction’ in Stolen voices: young people’s war diaries, from World War I to Iraq, ed. Z Filipovic & M Challenger, Penguin, New York.Google Scholar
- Gilman, SL 1988, ‘The dead child speaks: reading The diary of Anne Frank’, Studies in American Jewish Literature, vol. 7, pp. 9–25.Google Scholar
- Graham, P 2013, ‘Alice Pung’s Growing up Asian in Australia: the cultural work of anthologized Asian-Australian narratives of childhood’, Prose Studies: History, Theory, Criticism, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 67–83.Google Scholar
- Holliday, L 1995, Children in the Holocaust and World War II: their secret diaries, Pocket Books, New York.Google Scholar
- Loewy, H 1999, ‘Saving the child: the “universalisation’ of Anne Frank”’ in Marginal voices, marginal forms: diaries in European literature and history, eds. R Langford & R West, Rodopi, Amsterdam, pp. 156–174.Google Scholar
- Rak, J 2012, ‘Memoir, truthiness, and the power of Oprah’, Prose Studies: History, Theory, Criticism, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 224–242.Google Scholar
- Rak, J 2013, Boom! Manufacturing memoir for the popular market, Wilfrid Laurier University Press, Waterloo.Google Scholar
- Salecl, R 2000, ‘Why one would pretend to be a victim of the Holocaust: the Wilkomirski memoir’, Other Voices, vol. 1, no. 3. Available from: http://www.othervoices.org/2.1/salecl/wilkomirski.php. [29 November 2015].
- Smith, S 2006, ‘Narrated lives and the contemporary regime of human rights: mobilizing stories, campaigns, ethnicities’ in Transcultural localisms: responding to ethnicity in a globalized world, Universitatsverlag, Heidelberg, pp. 143–164.Google Scholar
- Wertheim, D 2009, ‘Remediation as a moral obligation: authenticity, memory, and morality in representations of Anne Frank’ in Media and cultural memory: mediation, remediation, and the dynamics of cultural memory, eds. E Astrid & A Rigney, DEU: Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 157–170.Google Scholar
- Zapruder, A 2002, Salvaged pages: young writers’ diaries of the Holocaust, Yale University Press, New Haven.Google Scholar