Conception of Justice: Pre-Axial India

  • Abbas MirakhorEmail author
  • Hossein Askari
Part of the Political Economy of Islam book series (PEoI)


The oldest source of Indian thought about justice, morality and ethics is the four Vedas, which have affinity with the Egyptian concept of maat and that of Asha in the Gathas. Rta provides the pathways that protect humans against evil and ignorance. The sacred scripture is that the process of achieving justice, stability, tranquility, security and prosperity for individuals and their collectivities is rule based. Gods and goddesses of the Rig Veda were assigned the protection of Rta. These deities are guardians, keepers and protectors of Rta and live by it and act according to its rules themselves. A feature of the Rig Veda is that it envisions the building of a just, moral, ethical society as achievable by individuals and their collectivities through rule compliance, without assigning a significant government role. in this regard to an organized government.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.La JuntaUSA
  2. 2.LeesburgUSA

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