Chapter 1.5: Conceptual Landscapes of Global Environmental Conscientization
The current ecological climate suggests the need for a global consensus or movement towards an informed pedagogical approach to issues regarding climate change, and the related issues concerning social mobility, empowerment and conscientization of this subject. The enquiry this poses is what level of education does the current population have regarding this? The current situation requires research and analysis to ascertain what action is needed to transform and bridge the current diverse opinions, knowledge and beliefs whilst making a positive impact within the community.
This paper explores levels of environmental conscientization on an international scale, giving examples from field research and case studies conducted in a city (Jakarta, Indonesia), a town (Burnley, UK) and a village (Bhimpokhara, Nepal) by active participation and collaboration with these diverse communities.
- Archer, A. L., & Hughes, C. A. (2012). Explicit instruction: Effective and efficient teaching [Online]. Available at http://www.doe.virginia.gov/instruction/virginia_tiered_system_supports/training/cohort/2012/oct/active_participation_reference_sheet.pdf. Accessed 29 Aug 2015.
- Bangay, C., & Blum, N. (2009). Education responses to climate change and quality: Two parts of the same Agenda? [Online]. International Journal of Educational Development. Available at: http://eprints.ioe.ac.uk/6281/1/Bangay2010Education359.pdf. Accessed 3 Aug 2015.
- BBC. (2012). Mytholmroyd and hebden bridge hit by flooding [Online]. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-leeds-18768291. Accessed 13 Aug 2015.
- Bentley, L. (1999). A brief biography of Paulo Freire. [Online]. Available at: http://ptoweb.org/aboutpto/a-brief-biography-of-paulo-freire/. Accessed 3 Aug 2015.
- Cook J., et al. (2013). Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature. Environmental Research Letters, 8(2). Philadelphia: IOP Publishing Ltd.Google Scholar
- Dessler, A., & Parson, E. (2010). The science and politics of global climate change: A guide to the debate (2nd ed.p. 18). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Edenhofer, O., et al. (2014). Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC fifth assessment report working group III report. “Climate change 2014: Mitigation of climate change” [Online]. Available at: https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg3/ipcc_wg3_ar5_summary-for-policymakers.pdf. Accessed 6 June 2015.
- Emmy, J. R., & Ahmed, A. O. (2013, March). Reflection on Paulo Freire and classroom relevance. American International Journal of Social Science, 2(2). [Online]. Available at: http://www.aijssnet.com/journals/Vol_2_No_2_March_2013/3.pdf. Accessed 17 June 2015.
- Firman, T. A. (2011). Potential climate-change related vulnerabilities in Jakarta: Challenges and current status [Online]. Available at: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Tommy_Firman2/publication/229166022_Potential_climate-change_related_vulnerabilities_in_Jakarta_Challenges_and_current_status/links/02e7e52d108826561d000000.pdf. Accessed 28 July 2015.
- Freire, P. (1996). Pedagogy of the oppressed. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Freire, P. (2014). Pedagogy of hope. New York: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
- Gov.uk. (2011). Public attitudes to climate change and the impact of transport in 2011 [Online]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/public-attitudes-to-climate-change-and-the-impact-of-transport-in-2011. Accessed 14 Aug 2015.
- Greenpeace. (2013). Down to zero [Online]. Available at: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/publications/forests/2013/Down-To-Zero.pdf. Accessed 1 June 2015.
- Haslett, S. K., France, D., & Gedye, S. (2014). Pedagogy of climate change York. London: Higher Education Academy. Chapter 1.Google Scholar
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2007). Climate change 2007, mitigation of climate change [Online]. Available at: https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg3/ar4_wg3_full_report.pdf. Accessed 14 June 2015.
- Johnson, A. F. (2009). Ecological impacts of climate change booklet, The National Academies [Online]. Available at: http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/pd/climate/teachingclimate/ecological_impacts_of_climate_change.pdf. Accessed 21 Aug 2015,
- Lancashire County Council. (2011). Lancashire’s population by ethnicity 2011 census [Online]. Available at: http://www3.lancashire.gov.uk/corporate/web/?siteid=6120&pageid=41100. Accessed 2 June 2015.
- Lee, T. M., et al. (2015). Predictors of public climate change awareness and risk perception around the world [Online]. Available at: http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate2728.html. Accessed 16 Aug 2015.
- Leshner, A., Lane, T., et al. (2009). American Association for the Advancement of Science (2009). Statement on climate change from 18 scientific associations [Online]. Available at: http://www.aaas.org/sites/default/files/migrate/uploads/1021climate_letter1.pdf. Accessed 2 Feb 2015.
- Ling, A. (2010). Literature review on active participation and human rights research and advocacy, Institute of Development Studies [Online]. Available at: https://www.ids.ac.uk/files/dmfile/LiteratureReviewonActiveParticipationandHumanRightsResearchandAdvocacy.pdf. Accessed 19 Aug 2015.
- McCarthy, P. (2003). Understanding slums: Case studies for the global report 2003, University College London [Online]. Available at: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/dpu-projects/Global_Report/cities/jakarta.htm. Accessed 6 June 2015.
- Mustakova-Possardt, E. (1998). Critical consciousness: An alternative pathway for positive personal and social development. Journal of Adult Development. Berlin: Kluwer.Google Scholar
- NASA. (2015). Scientific consensus: Earth’s climate is warming [Online]. Available at: http://climate.nasa.gov/scientific-consensus. Accessed 17 June 2015.
- Nations Encyclopedia. (2015). Nepal – Housing [Online]. Available at: http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Nepal-HOUSING.html. Accessed 15 Aug 2015.
- Reeves, S. (2014). ‘Great wall of Jakarta’ plan to combat floods [Online]. Available at: http://phys.org/news/2014-10-great-wall-jakarta-combat.html. Accessed 5 July 2015.
- Resolve International. (2011). Combat child poverty in Nepal [Online]. Available at: http://www.resolveinternational.org. Accessed 2 Mar 2015.
- Rijal, Y. (2013). Socio-economic and health impact of labour migration in Nepal [Online]. Available at: http://www.isa-sociology.org/publ/E-symposium/E-symposium-vol-3-2-2013/EBul-Rijal-Jul2012.pdf. Accessed 19 July 2015.
- Sagala, S., et al. (2013). The evolution of risk and vulnerability in Greater Jakarta: Contesting Government Policy in dealing with a megacity’s exposure to flooding. An academic response to Jakarta floods in January 2013 [Online]. Available at: http://irgsc.org/pubs/wp/IRGSCWP002jakartaflood.pdf. Accessed 12 June 2015.
- Spies, M. (2011). Deconstructing flood risks – A livelihood and vulnerability analysis in Jakarta, Indonesia Centre for Development Studies (ZELF) Institute of Geographical Sciences Freire Universität Berlin [Online]. Available at: http://www.geo.fuberlin.de/geog/fachrichtungen/anthrogeog/zelf/Medien/download/Berlin_Geographical_Papers/BGP40_Deconstructing-flood-risks.pdf. Accessed 3 June 2015.
- State of California Governor’s Office of Planning and Research. (2011). List of worldwide scientific organizations (scientific organizations that hold the position that climate change has been caused by human action) [Online]. Available at: http://opr.ca.gov/s_listoforganizations.php. Accessed 15 May 2015.
- Stocker, T., & Dahe, Q. (2013). Climate change 2013: The physical science basis [Online]. Available at: https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/unfccc/cop19/1_stocker13sbsta.pdf. Accessed 4 June 2015.
- Tarrant, B. (2014). The great wall of Jakarta [Online]. Available at: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/12/22/us-environment-jakarta-seawall-idUSKBN0K017420141222. Accessed 12 Apr 2015.
- The Freire Institute. (2015). Concepts used by Paulo Freire [Online]. Available at: http://www.freire.org/paulo-freire/concepts-used-by-paulo-freire. Accessed 4 Mar 2015.
- The Indonesian Netherlands Association. (2012). Jakarta flooding; a public responsibility or private investment? [Online]. Available at: http://www.ina.or.id/images/stories/magazine/2012Mar/Sustainability-JakartaFlooding.pdf. Accessed 24 May 2015.
- UNESCO. (1999). Environment and development in coastal regions and in small islands. Socio-economic conditions in communities in the Jakarta Bay area and the Seribu Islands [Online]. Available at: http://www.unesco.org/csi/pub/papers/mega9.htm. Accessed 25 July 2015.
- Volunteering England. (2008). Volunteering England: Definitions of volunteering [Online]. Available at: http://www.volunteering.org.uk/component/gpb/definitions-of-volunteering. Accessed Sept 2015.
- Walley, B. (2014). Fieldwork study notes (not published).Google Scholar
- Weibel, B. (2011). A new way of thinking about trash [Online]. Available at: http://holeinthedonut.com/2011/04/11/trash-mentality-around-world/