“The Apocalypse Has Begun”: Ivan Illich and René Girard on Anti-christ

  • David Cayley


René Girard and Ivan Illich agree that history is a continuous and cumulative revelation whose motive principle is the New Testament. They also agree that our world is, for the most part, willfully blind to this reality. Illich says that the temptation of Anti-Christ “disappeared” from the Church’s teaching and has remained invisible to its secular offshoots. Girard finds “Anti-Christ” in the contemporary stance that repudiates Christianity and claims superiority to it, while at the same time drawing on it. We “criticize Christianity with Christianity,” he says but never acknowledge where our superior airs have come from. He calls it “an imitation of Christ which [is] at the same time a total betrayal of Christianity.”

Further Reading

  1. Cayley, David. Ivan Illich in Conversation. House of Anansi, 1992.Google Scholar
  2. ———. The Rivers North of the Future: The Testament of Ivan Illich. House of Anansi, 2004.Google Scholar
  3. McGinn, Bernard. Anti-Christ: Two Thousand Years of the Human Fascination with Evil, New York: HarperCollins, 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Cayley
    • 1
  1. 1.TorontoCanada

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