Advertisement

Microaggressions and Intersectionality in the Experiences of Black Women Studying Abroad through Community Colleges: Implications for Practice

Chapter

Abstract

Community colleges have a unique opportunity to both increase access to and improve the quality of education abroad for underrepresented students. Their use of faculty-led programs (Raby 2008; Amani 2011) can be capitalized upon to reach students of color as well as first-generation and low-income students and to provide them with supportive environments that help maximize their learning experiences. However, despite the relative diversity of many community colleges, underrepresented minority students can still be marginalized on their home campuses, and by extension, when they study abroad.

Keywords

Study Abroad Community College Microaggressions Black Women Education Abroad 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Amani, Monija (2011). Study abroad decision and participation at community colleges: Influential factors and challenges from the voices of students and coordinators. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  2. Arden-Ogle, Ellen A. (2009). Study abroad and global competence: Exemplary community college programs which foster elements of achievement. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.Google Scholar
  3. Beausoleil, Amy (2008). Understanding heritage and ethnic identity development through study abroad: The case of South Korea. Doctoral dissertation University of California. Santa Barbara, Retrieved from Dissertation Abstracts International. (AAT 3330411).Google Scholar
  4. Bradshaw, Geoffrey W. (2013). Internationalization and Faculty-Led Service Learning. New Directions for Community Colleges, 2013: 39–53. doi: 10.1002/cc.20047Google Scholar
  5. Brux, Jacqueline M., & Fry, Blake (2009). Multicultural students in study abroad: Their interests, their issues, and their constraints. Journal of Studies in International Education, 20(10), 1–19.Google Scholar
  6. Carey, Kami J. (2007). The shifting character of social and ethnic identity among African-American sojourners. Doctoral dissertation Howard University, Dissertation Abstracts International. (AAT 3283227).Google Scholar
  7. Collins, Patricia H. (2000). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Comp, David (2008). U.S. heritage-seeking students discover minority communities in Western Europe. Journal of Studies in International Education, 12(1), 29–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Crenshaw, Kimberle (2005). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. In R. K. Bergen, J. L. Edleson, & C. M. Renzetti (Eds.), Violence against women: Classic papers (pp. 282–313). Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
  10. Day-Vines, Norma, Barker, Jeanette M., & Exum, Herbert A. (1998). Impact of diasporic travel on ethnic identity development of African American college students. College Student Journal, 32(3), 463–471.Google Scholar
  11. Drexler, Devi S., & Campbell, Dale F. (2011). Student development among community college participants in study abroad programs. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 35, 608–619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Emert, Holly A., & Pearson, Diane L. (2007). Expanding the vision of international education: Collaboration, assessment, and intercultural development. In E. J. Valeau & Rosalind L. Raby. (Eds.), International reform efforts and challenges in community colleges (pp. 67–75). New Directors for Community Colleges No. 138(Summer). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  13. Frost, Robert A. (2007). Global studies in the community college curriculum. Community College Enterprise: A Journal of Research and Practice, 13(2), 67–73.Google Scholar
  14. Fryer, Chad, & Wong, Lily (1998). Sexual harassment: Experiences of Japanese women studying in Canada. TESL Canada Journal, 15(2), 75–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guerrero, Ernesto Jr. (2006). The road less traveled: Latino students and the impact of studying abroad. Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, Dissertation Abstracts International. (AAT 3249418).Google Scholar
  16. Harden, Renata (2007). Identities in motion: An autoethnography of an African American womans journey to Burkina Faso, Benin, and Ghana. Doctoral dissertation Bowling Green State University, Dissertation Abstracts International. (AAT 3262332).Google Scholar
  17. Hurtado, S., Milem, J., Clayton-Pedersen, & Allen, W. (1999). Enacting diverse learning environments: Improving the climate for racial/ethnic diversity in higher education, 26(8). Washington, DC: George Washington University, Graduate School of Education and Human Development: ASHE-ERIC Report.Google Scholar
  18. Jackson, Marilyn J. (2006). Traveling shoes: Study abroad experiences of African American students participating in California State University international programs. Doctoral dissertation, University of San Francisco, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. http://search.proquest.com/docview/304909330?accountid=10351
  19. Kasravi, Jinous (2009). Factors influencing the decision to study abroad for students of color: Moving beyond the barriers. Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, Dissertation Abstracts International. (AAT 3371866).Google Scholar
  20. Kuh, George D. (2011). Inspiring success on a dime: Growing and enhancing high impact practices and high quality opportunities while maximizing resources. [Powerpoint presentation]. NAFSA Region VI Drive Conference April 13, 2011, University of Riverside, California.Google Scholar
  21. Landau, Jennifer, & Moore, David Chioni (2001). Towards reconciliation in the motherland: Race, class, nationality, gender, and the complexities of American student presence at the University of Legon. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 25, 25–59.Google Scholar
  22. Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  23. Locks, Angela M., Hurtado, Silvia, Bowman, Nicholas A., & Oseguera, Leticia (2008). Extending notions of campus climate and diversity to students transition to college. The Review of Higher Education, 31(3), 257–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Morgan, Rose M., Mwegelo, Desideria T., & Turner, Laura N. (2002). Black women in the African diaspora seeking their cultural heritage through studying abroad. NASPA Journal, 39(4), 333–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Niser, John C. (2010). Study abroad education in New England higher education: A pilot survey. International Journal of Educational Management, 24(1), 48–55.Google Scholar
  26. Penn, Everette B., & Tanner, Jennifer (2009). Black students and international education: An assessment. Journal of Black Studies, 40(2), 266–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pierce, Chester (1995). Stress analogs of racism and sexism: Terrorism, torture, and disaster. In C. Willie, P. Rieker, B. Kramer, & B. Brown (Eds.), Mental health, racism and sexism (pp. 277–293). Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
  28. Raby, Rosalind L. (2008). Meeting Americas global education challenge: Expanding education abroad at U.S. community colleges. Institute of International Education Study Abroad White Paper Series 3 (September 2008). New York: Institute for International Education Press. file://localhost/from http://www.iie.org/en/Research-and-Publications/Publications-and-Reports/IIE-Bookstore/Expanding-Education-Abroad-at-US-Community-Colleges
  29. Raby, Rosalind L., Rhodes, Gary M., & Biscarra, Albert (2014). Community college study abroad: Implications for student success. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 38(2–3), 174–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rawlins, Roblyn (2012). Whether I’m an American or not, I’m not here so you can hit on me: Public harassment in the experience of U.S. women studying abroad. Women’s Studies, 41, 476–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Raymondi, Mary D. (2005). Latino students explore racial and ethnic identity in a global context. Doctoral dissertation, Dissertation Abstracts International. (AAT 3153765).Google Scholar
  32. Sisneros, Jose, Stakeman, Catherine, Joyner, Mildred C., & Schmitz, Catheryne L. (2008). Critical multicultural social work. Chicago: Lyceum.Google Scholar
  33. Smith, William A., Hung, Man, & Franklin, Jeremy D. (2011). Racial battle fatigue and the miseducation of black men: Racial microaggressions, societal problems, and environmental stress. The Journal of Negro Education, 80(1), 63–82.Google Scholar
  34. Solórzano, Daniel (1998). Critical race theory, racial and gender microaggressions, and the experiences of Chicana and Chicano scholars. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 11(1), 121–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Solórzano, Daniel, Ceja, Michael, & Yosso, Tara (2000). Critical race theory, racial microaggressions, and campus racial climate: The experiences of African American college students. Journal of Negro Education, 69(1/2), 60–73.Google Scholar
  36. Sutton, Richard C., & Rubin, Donald L. (May 2010). Documenting the academic impact of study abroad: Final report of the GLOSSARI project. Paper presented at the annual conference of NAFSA. Association of International Educators, Kansas City, MO.Google Scholar
  37. Talburt, Susan, & Steward, Melissa A. (1999). What’s the subject of study abroad?: Race, gender, and ‘living culture.’. Modern Language Journal, 83(2), 163–175. doi: 10.1111/0026-7902.00013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Twombly, Susan B. (1995). Piropos and friendships: Gender and culture clash in study abroad. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 1, 1–27.Google Scholar
  39. Valeau, Edward J., & Raby, Rosalind Latiner (2007). International reform efforts and challenges in community colleges. New Directors for Community Colleges No. 138 (Summer). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  40. Wick, David J. (2011). Study abroad for students of color: A third space for negotiating agency and identity. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, received from author on June 26, 2011.Google Scholar
  41. Willis, Tasha (2012). Rare but there: An intersectional exploration of the experiences and outcomes of Black women who studied abroad through community college programs. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. Accession Order No. [3533746].Google Scholar
  42. Willis, Tasha (2015). And still we rise: Microaggressions and intersectionality in the study abroad experiences of Black women. Frontiers: Journal of Study Abroad. September, 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Social WorkCalifornia State University, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations