Wider Horizons: Indigenous Australians Abroad and the Limits of Global Activism
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Indigenous Australians were central to Australia’s experience of the 1960s. As Australia’s “Third World” or colonised peoples, indigenous activists began to feel a part of global struggles around decolonisation and race during the period, by engaging with and translating anti-colonial and Black Power thought, and seeking to experience these overseas causes for educational and propagandistic purposes. Significantly contributing to a growing literature on the transnational dimension of Black Power and Third World movements, this chapter particularly focuses on activists who journeyed to a Black Power conference in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1970 and two groups who ventured to “Red” China in 1972 and 1974. These activists experienced both the ideas and practice of black or Third World liberation struggles, translating complex understandings, and lessons for the growing land rights and liberation movements, as well as birthing inevitable conflicts and encounters with the limitations of transnational politics.