Skip to main content

Cycles of Violence: Racist Hate Crime in Northern Ireland

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Critical Perspectives on Hate Crime

Part of the book series: Palgrave Hate Studies ((PAHS))

  • 622 Accesses

Abstract

Over the last two decades, Northern Ireland has become increasingly more diverse in terms of languages, cultures and religions. The proportion of the usually resident population born outside Northern Ireland rose significantly from 9% in 2001 to 11% in 2011. This change was largely as a result of inward migration by people born in the 12 countries that have joined the European Union (EU) since 2004. These EU accession countries accounted for 2% (35,700) of people usually resident in Northern Ireland on Census Day 2011. With increasing diversity has come increased attention to hate crime in our society. Politicians, academics, statutory, voluntary and community sector organisations and media are increasingly keen to look at the causes and impacts of hate crime, but seldom does this result in action for victims and, in some cases, ethnic minorities are subject to victim-blaming (e.g. see McDonald 2009).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

Notes

  1. 1.

    Recommendation 14 of the Ninth Report of 2004–2005 session ‘The Challenge of Diversity: Hate Crime in Northern Ireland’, Northern Ireland Affairs Committee, p. 53.

  2. 2.

    See News Letter, Wednesday, 10 March 2004 ‘Racist posters taken down’; and Thursday, 11 March 2004 ‘Fear on the streets over racist leaflets’.

  3. 3.

    Tenth report (March 2006), Thirteen Report (January 2007), Fifteen Report (April 2007), Seventeen Report (November 2007), Twenty‐Second Report (November 2009), Twenty‐Third Report (May 2010), Twenty‐Fifth Report (November 2010).

  4. 4.

    The impasse between the no-flags policy supported by nationalist and the all-year policy of the unionists was broken when a compromise Alliance motion in favour of the designated days was passed by 29 votes to 21.

  5. 5.

    It was one of four vehicles burnt out in the Whitewell Road area of north Belfast on Tuesday night. And now two families have been forced to flee their homes in the wake of the frightening attacks, in fear for their children’s lives.

  6. 6.

    In January 2016, McConnell was cleared of two charges under the Communications Act. The judge cited freedom of speech.

  7. 7.

    The Macpherson Report defined ‘institutional racism’ as ‘The collective failure of an organisation to provide an appropriate and professional service to people because of their colour, culture or ethnic origin which can be seen or detected in processes; attitudes and behaviour which amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, and racist stereotyping which disadvantage minority ethnic people’.

References

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Patrick Yu .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Copyright information

© 2017 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Yu, P. (2017). Cycles of Violence: Racist Hate Crime in Northern Ireland. In: Haynes, A., Schweppe, J., Taylor, S. (eds) Critical Perspectives on Hate Crime. Palgrave Hate Studies. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-52667-0_17

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-52667-0_17

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, London

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-137-52666-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-137-52667-0

  • eBook Packages: Law and CriminologyLaw and Criminology (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics