From Warfare Without Humans to Warfare Without Responsibility?
In this chapter, the focus is on what I term the ‘first wave’ of the debate on autonomous weapons. This wave has two components: (1) arguments in favour of autonomous weapons technology; and (2) criticisms that machine autonomy leads to responsibility gaps in the military. The chapter explores these components in great detail and argues that, ultimately, autonomous weapons do not lead to responsibility gaps. Moreover, my analysis indicates that risk, rather than responsibility, should be central to the debate on autonomous weapons.