The Earthquake: The 9/11 Attacks and the US Response
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Turkey and Qatar have begun to align their foreign policies in the post-9/11 regional context, a context that had been deeply shaken by the USA. To see how the USA had shaken the Middle East, this chapter discusses how the USA responded to the 9/11 attacks. The chapter argues that the USA in fact pursued two-pronged strategy: on the one hand, it sought ways to punish the regimes in Afghanistan and Iraq it held responsible for the 9/11 attacks; on the other hand, it promoted democracy in the Middle East.