An Overview of Employment Situation

  • Mohammad Zulfan Tadjoeddin
  • Anis Chowdhury
Part of the Critical Studies of the Asia-Pacific book series (CSAP)


This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of employment situation in Indonesia, with particular emphasis on the quality of employment in line with the global discussion on decent work. Thus, in addition to conventional unemployment and employment data, this chapter examines a range of indicators representing quality of employment. They include, among others, formal employment, underemployment, the incidence of low pay, wage inequality, youth NEET (neither in employment nor in education or training) and social security coverage. The chapter argues that policymakers should focus more on improving the quality of employment rather than the traditional concern of unemployment reduction. This chapter covers (1) the high-growth last decade of Soeharto era, (2) the volatile period of subsequent democratic and decentralisation reform and (3) the last decade of democratic consolidation era, which also includes global financial crisis of 2008–2009.


Unemployment Reduction Wage Inequality Social Security Coverage Formal Employment Regular Wage Employment 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Zulfan Tadjoeddin
    • 1
  • Anis Chowdhury
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social Sciences and PsychologyWestern Sydney UniversitySydneyAustralia

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