New Zealand Universities: The Prospects and Pitfalls of Globalizing Higher Education
Until 1961, there was only one university in New Zealand, the University of New Zealand, which operated as a nationwide authority for examining and granting degrees. Established by an Act of Parliament in 1870 under authority of Her Majesty’s Government in Britain, the University of New Zealand reflected the strong colonial linkages that dominated the early era of higher education in New Zealand. The University operated in a federalist manner akin to the University of London, with colleges established in Otago (1869), Canterbury (1873), Auckland (1883), Wellington (1899), and Palmerston North (1928). In 1960, the University of New Zealand was disestablished and Acts of Parliament decreed the establishment of the colleges as independent universities. In the decades that followed, another three universities were established—University of Waikato in 1964, Lincoln University in 1990, and Auckland University of Technology (AUT) in 2000.
KeywordsInternational Student Knowledge Economy Academic Freedom High Education System International Education
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