Massification of Chinese Higher Education: Policies and Practices

  • Ma Wanhua


Chinese higher education has experienced great changes since the 1990s. The quick expansion of the system, the implementation of tuition and fees, the presidential call for the building of world-class universities, the development of Sino-foreign education programs, the massive student mobility and the mobilization of the brain circulation all took place in the past two decades. Observing those developments, one has to acknowledge that though it still faces many challenges, Chinese higher education has made great progress in many aspects. The changes in Chinese higher education shared many commonalities with other systems of higher education, but they are unique, given China’s social transition, the speed of economic development, and the global context. This chapter will provide an explanation on the uniqueness of Chinese mass higher education in the past two decades.


High Education International Student Chinese Student Private High Education Public High Education 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ma Wanhua
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of EducationPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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