Mormon Communalism and Millennialism in Trans-Atlantic Context
Grow and Kime identify communalism as a key feature of the early Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. They link Mormon attempts to build ‘Zion’ in Ohio, Missouri, Illinois and Utah to Joseph Smith’s early revelations of God’s intended unified and equal society, and developing Mormon millennialism. Noting the influence of converts from the Shakers, Harmony Society and Icarians on nascent Mormon communalism, the chapter further explores how the millennial message of early trans-Atlantic Mormon missions pulled many into Mormon communalism. Grow and Kime trace the popularity of co-operation in Mormon Utah and the brief United Order initiative before concluding with a comparative study of John Alexander Dowie’s communal scheme: Zion, Illinois.